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Adolescent patients with diabetes mellitus usually have a common problem with blood sugar control. This leads patients to learn adjust themselves. This research aimed to describe self-management experience of adolescent patients with diabetic mellitus in Phitsanulok Province by applying descriptive qualitative research. Nine participants who were 11-21 years old and diagnosis with T1DM or T2DM for 5 years. Data were collected by in-depth interview between June 2016 to May 2017.
The results showed that the adolescent patients with diabetic mellitus had four self-management experiences, namely: 1) self-management for themselves, including reduction of the severity and live longer and not depend on other family member; 2) seeking information about diabetes mellitus from two sources, including using technology and receiving knowledge from healthcare providers and people with diabetes mellitus; 3) Modifying self-management to control blood sugar, including diet control and herb trials and 4) learning to live with diabetes mellitus in 2 ways, including concerning when complications occurred and accepting that diabetes mellitus was one part of their life. The results of this study can be used as a basis for empowerment of adolescent patients with diabetic mellitus.
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