The Influence of Attitude Knowledge Self-Efficacy and Outcomes Expectation to Integration of Eastern Wisdom in Nursing Practice of Nursing Students Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University

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Tanika Lanwong
Kirana Phakdeechanuan
Nongnut Boonyoung
Prapaporn Chukumnerd


Objective: This research aimed to study the predictive ability of attitude, knowledge, self-efficacy, and expected outcomes of the integration of Eastern wisdom in nursing practices of nursing students at Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkhla University. Methods: Purposive sampling was used to select 109 fourth-year nursing students. Data were collected questionnaires which were 1) a demographic questionnaire, 2) a questionnaire on attitude towards Eastern Wisdom, 3) a questionnaire on knowledge about Eastern wisdom, 4) a questionnaire on self-efficacy, 5) a questionnaire on expected outcomes and 6) a questionnaire on the integration of Eastern wisdom in nursing practices. The content validity of the questionnaires was examined by 3 experts and yielded values of .95, .80, 1.00, 1.00 and .95 respectively. The reliability test of questionnaire 2) yielded the Kuder-Richardson 20 value of .70, while questionnaires 3-6 obtained the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient values of .80, .83, .92 and .89 consecutively. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis. Results: The results showed that the variance of Eastern-wisdom-integrated nursing practices in 21 percent of nursing students can be explained by knowledge, attitude and self-efficacy with regression coefficients equal to -.30, .35 and .17 respectively. Thus, instructors should cultivate a good attitude towards Easternwisdom-integrated nursing practices in nursing students to promote holistic health care.


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Lanwong, T. ., Phakdeechanuan, K. ., Boonyoung, N. ., & Chukumnerd, P. . (2021). The Influence of Attitude Knowledge Self-Efficacy and Outcomes Expectation to Integration of Eastern Wisdom in Nursing Practice of Nursing Students Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University. Journal of Research in Nursing-Midwifery and Health Sciences, 41(2), 77–88. Retrieved from
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