Head Nurse’s Advocacy for the Nursing Profession in Thailand

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Thaweeporn Pengmak
Aranya Chaowalit
Tasanee Nasae


          The study aimed to determine the level of advocacy for the nursing profession amongst head nurses in Thailand, drawing 541 participants from 26 Thai general hospitals. Subjects were recruited through simple random sampling; and the Thai Head Nurses’ Advocacy for the Nursing Profession Scale (ANPS-Thai) chosen as a research instrument. ANPS-Thai had a content validity index with an I-CVI range of .80 to 1.00, an S-CVI/UA (universal agreement) score of .92, and an S-CVI/Ave (average) score of .98. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and independent t-test.
          Results revealed the mean scores of advocacy for the nursing profession and subscales. The mean scores of overall advocacy for the nursing profession was 3.92 (SD = .49), and that for the subscales of proactivity to protect professional image 4.34 (SD = .45), while the mean score managing for maximum quality was 4.10 (SD = .49). Cooperating with others and sacrifice had a mean of 3.91 (SD = .64) while the mean of speaking out to enhance professional worth was 3.79 (SD = .62). The results indicated statistically significant mean advocacy score differences between nurses holding master’s and/or doctoral degrees and those holding bachelor degrees (t = 3.57, p < .01). There was no significant difference in the mean score of overall ANPS-Thai between five years or more experience and those with less than five years.
           The study’s findings will provide nursing organizations in Thailand with baseline data that enables them to establish strategies to further foster nursing profession advocacy.


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Pengmak, T., Chaowalit, A., & Nasae, T. (2020). Head Nurse’s Advocacy for the Nursing Profession in Thailand. Songklanagarind Journal of Nursing, 40(2), 24-34. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/nur-psu/article/view/242763
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