Main Article Content
This research aims to compare the effects of the Northeastern (Esan) Thai folk dance exercise program on physical fitness and blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus before and after the implementation of the exercise program. It was one-group pretest-posttest design research. The samples were 15 patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus without hypertension with the duration of treatment for more than 5 years and unable to control blood sugar levels and willing to participate in the research project. The samples were selected by a purposive sampling method. The samples attended the
Northeastern (Esan) Thai folk dance exercise program 3 times a week, 50 minutes each time for 12 weeks. The instruments used to collect data were blood sugar level record and physical fitness record. The data were analyzed by paired t-test.
The results indicated that the blood sugar levels of the samples who attended the Northeastern (Esan) Thai folk dance exercise program were significantly lower than before attending the program (p < .05). Lung capacity, trunk forward flexion, balance and physical strength were also greater than those of before attending the exercise program with statistical significance (p <.05). The recommendations for future research are as follows. The effectiveness of the Northeastern (Esan) Thai folk dance exercise program in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who cannot control blood sugar levels should be studied by using two-group pretestposttest design to confirm the effectiveness of the program.
World Health Organization. Diabetes [Internet]. [cited 2017 May 5]. Available from: http://www.who.int/diabetes/global-report/en/
International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas 2015 [Internet]. [cited 2017 Jun 7]. Available from: http://www.diabetesatlas.org/resources/2015-atlas.
Information and Communication Technology Center Office of the Permanent Secretary for Public Health. Number and rate of patients in 2016-2018 (high blood pressure, diabetes, coronary artery, cerebrovascular disease, COPD)[Internet]. [cited 2017 May 28]. Available from: http://www.thaincd.com/2016/mission/documents.php?tid=32&gid=1-020.
Chinnawong T. Case management for clients with diabetes mellitus and hypertension in a community. Songklanagarind J Nurs. 2017; 37(1): 148-57. Thai.
Chaikate K, Buapet A, Petrachatachat U. Effect of food choice capability promoting program on food consumption behavior and blood glucose level among muslim overweight persons with uncontrolled diabetes. Office of Disease Prevention and Control 7 Khon Kaen. 2018; 37(1): 20-30. Thai.
Chongchareon W, Kahawong W, Apichato A, et al. A self-care promotion model for controlling blood sugar in Type 2 diabetes. Songkla Med J. 2018; 37(1): 20-30. Thai.
Saengrut B, R Chintanawat R, Sucamvang K. Effect of Fawn Jerng Mor Chor exercise on glycosylated hemoglobin level among elders with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nurs J. 2009; 36(4): 59-72. Thai.
Thanakwang K, Kantasen P, Yotinn R. Application of Wooden Clubs to the Traditional ‘Mong Serng’ dance of Nan Province: development and testing of its effectiveness and impact as an exercise program on elderly people’s physical performance. TJNC. 2012; 27(2): 81-93. Thai.
Tripeud K, Malathum P, Hanprasitkam K. Visal Kantaratanakul. A synthesis of research of exercise influencing glycemic Ccontrol in persons with type 2 diabetes. Rama Nurs J. 2010; 16(2): 259-78. Thai.
Tiyawisutsri C, Chaisa P, Wanchai A, et al. Chontima Pinsakul. Exercise to control blood sugar levels of patients with type 2 diabetes in Thailand: A systematic review. J Nurs Public Health Educ. 2018; 19(2): 39-48. Thai.
Buaniam K, Panuthai S, Khampolsiri T. Effect of Noraprayuk exercise on glycosylated hemo globin level among older persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nurs J. 2011; 38(4): 55-67. Thai.
Anchalisankasa S. The study of efficacy of complementaried treatment of diabetes mallitus type II with Yoga. J Bureau Alt Med. 2010; 3(3): 36-47. Thai.
Srisupornkornkool K, Kowitthayanon K, Chimvihok S, et al. Effect of thai dancing exercise on static balance in aging. JSST. 2014; 14(1): 167-75. Thai.
American Collage of Sport Medicine. ACSM’ s Guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. 7 th ed. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006.
American Diabetes Association. “Standards of medical care in diabetes” Diabetes Care; 2017.
Tripeud K, Malathum P, Hanprasitkam K, et al. A synthesis of research of exercise influencing glycemic control in persons with type 2 diabetes. Rama Nurs J. 2010; 16(2): 259-78. Thai.
Khongruangrat Y, Vannarit T, Lukkahatai N. Effect of Fawn Mor Lum Klorn exercise on hemoglobin A1c level among persons with type 2 diabetes. Nurs J. 2012; 39(3): 105-16. Thai.
Diabetes Association of Thailand. Medical practice guidelines for diabetes 2011. Bangkok: Sri Mueang Printing. Thai.
Saltiel, A. R. New perspectives into the mole cular pathogenesis and treatment of type 2 diabetes. Cell, 2001; 104(4): 517-29.
Church JB, Wiggins MS, Moode FM, et al. Effective of warm up and flexibility treatments on vertical jump performance. JSCR. 2005; 15(3): 332-6.
Gordon BA, Benson AC, Bird SR, et al. Training improves metabolic health in type 2 diabetes: A systemic review. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2009; 83: 157-75.
Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medical Services, Ministry of Health. (2003). General exercise and specific diseases. Bangkok: Agricultural Cooperatives of Thailand.; 2003. Thai.