Risk Factors of Acute Myocardial Infarction in Young Adults: An Integrative Literature Review

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Thipsuda Phomdontre
Jintana Damkliang

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this integrative literature review was to evaluate potential risk factors for acute myocardial infarction in young adults. This review was based on studies extracted from electronic databases, including CINHAL, PubMed, THAIJO, ProQuest, and ScienceDirect between 2010 and 2020. Thirteen articles with full-text published in English and Thai met the inclusion criteria. Total articles were then selected based on the quality of Joanna Briggs Institute critical appraisal. The result of this integrative literature review shows that acute myocardial infarction in young adults was reported in age between 15 and 45 years. Risk factors were grouped in two types (1) non-modifiable risk factors include age, gender, family history of coronary diseases, and (2) modifiable risk factors include dyslipidemia, obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, drug abuse, including Amphetamine, Cannabis, physical inactivity, having high fat diets, inadequate vegetable and fruit consumption, hyperhomocysteinemia, and stress. Conclusion: This result could be used as basis information for healthcare providers to promote health
in order to prevent risk factors for acute myocardial infarction in young adults. In addition, a study regarding
to association of risk factors found in this study on acute myocardial infarction in young adults is needed to be approved.

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Phomdontre, T., & Damkliang, J. (2021). Risk Factors of Acute Myocardial Infarction in Young Adults: An Integrative Literature Review. ongklanagarind ournal of ursing, 41(3), 99-108. etrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/nur-psu/article/view/251229
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