Main Article Content
Introduction: The covid-19 pandemic situation caused has numerous cases of patients and deaths, and both cases increased rapidly. Health care providers are at high risk of infection and death since they have provided immediate care to patients who are high-risk contact patients or infected patients. Therefore, increasing workload, risk of life, and being away from a family during the crisis, all led health personal to chronic stress. Their emotions and personalities were changed and followed by mental problems affecting their work quality. However, there is no concrete guideline for mental health care for health care providers in any agency. In this article, the authors did integrated literature review and presented the guidelines an mental health care for health care providers in the COVID-19 crisis to provide help and manage the problem properly. Conclusion: If the agency has the guidelines for mental health care on health care providers, consisting of observation and mental health assessment continuously, it will provide health services to healthcare providers. Consequently, they will have power and hope to overcome the COVID-19 crisis with a healthy soul.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Wattana OP. COVID-19: The pandemic that never should have happened and how to stop the next one. Bangkok: Sand clock Books; 2020.
Phothichak S. The newly emerging of COVID-19 [Internet]. Bangkok: Department of Mental Health; 2021 [cited 2022 Jan 4]. Available from: https://www.dmh.go.th/news/view.asp?id=2304
Department of diseases control. COVID-19 situation in Thailand [Internet]. Bangkok: The information center for COVID-19; 2022 [cited 2022 Jun 4]. Available from: https://ddc.moph.go.th/covid19-dashboard/
The information center for COVID-19 response measures. COVID-19 situation in Thailand [Internet]. Bangkok: The information center for COVID-19; 2021 [cited 2021 Dec 20]. Available from: https://www.moicovid.com/02/07/2021/uncategorized/3936/
Kittirattanapaiboon P. Mental health crisis assessment and treatment team: MCATT COVID-19 [Internet]. Nonthaburi: Department of Mental Health; 2020 [cited 2022 Jan 10]. Available from: https://www.chiangmaihealth.go.th/cmpho_web/document/200417158711615668.pdf
Mark D, Deborah W, Tim G, et al. The NHS at 70: how good is the NHS? [Internet]. United Kingdom: The King’s Fund and the Nuffield Trust; 2018. [cited 2022 Jun 20]. Available from: https://www.health.org.uk/publications/nhs-at-70-how-good-is-the-nhs
Li G, Miao J, Wang H, et al. Psychological impact on women health workers involved in COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan: A cross-sectional. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2020; 91(8): 895-7. doi: 10.1136/jnnp-2020-323134.
Gilleen J, Santaolalla A, Valdearenas L, et al. Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health and well-being of UK healthcare workers. BJPsych Open. 2021; 7(3): e88. doi: 10.1192/bjo.2021.42.
Sangsirilak A, Sangsirilak S. Stress and depressed mood in healthcare workers during COVID-19 outbreak. J Psychiatr Assoc Thailand. 2020; 65(4): 400-8. Thai.
Aly HM, Nemr NA, Kishk RM, et al. Stress, anxiety and depression among healthcare workers facing COVID-19 pandemic in Egypt: A cross-sectional online-based study. BMJ Open. 2021; 11(4): e045281. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-045281.
Alnazly E, Khraisat OM, Al-Bashaireh AM, et al. Anxiety, depression, stress, fear and social support during COVID-19 pandemic among Jordanian healthcare workers. PLoS One. 2021; 16(3): e0247679. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0247679.
Zare S, Mohammadi DM, Esmaeili R, et al. Occupational stress assessment of health care workers (HCWs) facing COVID-19 patients in Kerman province hospitals in Iran. Heliyon. 2021; 7(5): e07035. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07035.
Myran DT, Cantor N, Rhodes E, et al. Physician health care visits for mental heal than substance used during the COVID-19 pandemic in Ontario, Canada. JAMA Netw Open. 2022; 5(1): e2143160. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.43160.
Lai J, Ma S, Wang Y, et al. Factors associated with mental health outcomes among health care workers exposed to coronavirus disease 2019. JAMA Network Open. 2020; 3(3): e203976. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3976.
Garcia GPA, Fracarolli IFL, Dos Santos HEC, et al. Depression, anxiety and stress in health professionals in the COVID-19 context. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022; 19(7): 4402. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19074402.
Machado DA, Figueiredo NMA, Velasques LS, et al. Cognitive changes in nurses working in intensive care units. Rev Bras Enferm. 2018; 71(1): 73-9. doi: 10.1590/0034-7167-2016-0513.
Huang JZ, Han MF, Luo TD, et al. Mental health survey of medical staff in a tertiary infectious disease hospital for COVID-19. Chin Med J Netw. 2020; 38(3): 192-5. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.cn121094-20200219-00063.
US Department of Veterans Affairs. Managing healthcare workers’ stress associated with the COVID-19 virus outbreak [Internet]. Washington DC: National Center for PTSD; 2020 [cited 2021 Jul 15]. Available from: https://www.ptsd.va.gov/covid/COVID19ManagingStressHCW032020.pdf
Braquehais MD, Vargas-Cáceres S, Gómez-Durán E, et al. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of healthcare professionals. QJM Int J Med. 2020; 113(9): 613-7. doi: 10.1093/qjmed/hcaa207.
Casagrande M, Favieri F, Tambelli R, et al. The enemy who sealed the world: Effects quarantine due to the COVID-19 on sleep quality, anxiety, and psychological distress in the Italian population. Sleep Med. 2020; 75: 12-20. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2020.05.011.
Sun L, Sun Z, Wu L, et al. Prevalence and risk factors for acute posttraumatic stress disorder during the COVID19 outbreak. J Affect Disord. 2021; 283: 123-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2021.01.050.
Kisely S, Warren N, McMahon L, et al. Occurrence, prevention, and management of the psychological effects of emerging virus outbreaks on healthcare workers: Rapid review and meta-analysis. BMJ. 2020; 369: m1642. doi: 10.1136/bmj.m1642.
Department of mental health. Guidelines for mental care for field hospitals. 1 st ed. Nonthaburi: Bureau of mental health service administration; 2020. Thai.
Silpakit O. Srithanya stress scale. J Ment Health Thai. 2008; 16(3): 177-85. Thai.
Arunpongpaisal S, Maneeton N, Wannasawek K, et al. Development and validity of two-question-screening test for depressive disorders in Thai-I-san community. J Psychiatr Assoc Thailand. 2006; 52(2): 138-48. Thai.
Kongsuk T, Arunpongpaisal S, Janthong S, et al. Criterionrelated validity of the 9 questions depression rating scale revised for Thai central dialect. J Psychiatr Assoc Thailand. 2018; 63(4): 321-34. Thai.
Thapinta D. Reduction of anxiety of staff nurses working with AIDS patients through cognitive recon structuring and mindfulness training. [master’s minor thesis]. [Bangkok]: Chulalongkorn University; 1991. 154 p.
Nilchaikovit T, Lortrakul M, Phisansuthideth U. Development of Thai version of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale in cancer patients. J Psychiatr Assoc Thailand. 1996; 41(1): 18-30. Thai.
Zhang J, Wu W, Zhao X, et al. Recommended psychological crisis intervention response to the 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia outbreak in China: a model of West China Hospital. Precis Clin Med. 2020; 3(1): 3-8. doi: 10.1093/pcmedi/pbaa006.
World Health Organization. Clinical care for survivors of ebola virus disease [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2016 [cited 2022 Jun 10]. Available from: