Predisposing factors, enabling factors and reinforcing factors related to requesting academic position of academic, Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University

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Chula Sangbunthuk
Pratyanan Thiangchanya

Abstract

The objectives of this descriptive research were to identify predisposing, the
enabling, and the reinforcing factors for the higher academic position and to identify the correlation between the predisposing, the enabling, and the reinforcing factors and the
intention to request for the higher academic position as perceived by the academic staffs. Eighty-one academic staffs of Nursing Faculty, Prince of Songkla University participated in
this study. The instruments were a questionnaire and the semi-structure interview questions.
The questionnaire comprising 3 parts, namely 1) the demographic data form, 2) the intention to request for the higher academic position, and 3) the predisposing, the enabling, and the reinforcing factors. The validity of the questionnaire and the semi-structure interview questions were approved by three experts. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficients for the reliability of the questionnaires were 0.91. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean. Standard deviation and Chi-square test statistic. In addition, the data from interview were analyzed using content analysis technique.
The results showed that 1) the mean score of predisposing and the enabling factors
for requesting the higher academic position was as a high level (M = 3.45, SD = 0.35) and (M = 3.39, SD = 0.40) respectively and the reinforcing factors for requesting the higher academic position was as a moderate level (M = 2.95, SD = 0.50) and 2) the
predisposing factors was related to the requesting for the higher academic position (r = 0.341, p ≤ 0.05) but the enabling and the reinforcing factors were not. The obstacles for factors for requesting the higher academic position were absent of individual planning, workload and support from the related persons.

The administrators and the human resource managers can apply these results for facilitating the academic staffs for the higher academic position.

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How to Cite
Sangbunthuk, C., & Thiangchanya, P. (2015). Predisposing factors, enabling factors and reinforcing factors related to requesting academic position of academic, Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University. Songklanagarind Journal of Nursing, 35(3), 157–174. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/nur-psu/article/view/44358
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Original Articles