Main Article Content
The aims of this study were to (1) describe perceived exercise self-efficacy and exercise behavior; and (2) investigate the relationship between perceived exercise self-efficacy, exercise behavior and other selected variables among persons with myocardial infarction (MI) in Indonesia. A descriptive correlational design was used in this study. There were 60 hospitalized patients with MI completed the Self-Efficacy in Cardiac Health Behaviors Scale (SECHBS), and Modified Myocardial Infarction Health Behaviors Questionnaire (Modified MIHBQ). Data were analyzed using descriptive and correlational statistics.
The results revealed that 48.3% of persons with MI reported low exercise self-efficacy with a mean score of 6.07. The majority of the persons with MI reported a moderate level of exercise behavior (53.3%). Regarding exercise behavior, 16.7% of the persons reported never exercised, and 26.7% of the persons never exercised for more than 30 minutes each time. Ninety-five percent of the persons never measured their pulse and scored their rate of perceived exertion (RPE) to meet the exercise intensity recommendation. Perceived exercise self-efficacy had a positive statistically significant relationship with exercise behavior (r = 0.44, p < 0.01), which also had a relationship with incomes and types of MI.
This study showed that persons with MI had low perceived exercise self-efficacy and exercise behavior. The perceived exercise self-efficacy had a positive relationship with exercise behavior, which also had a relationship with incomes and types of MI. Therefore, healthcare providers are recommended to promote exercise self-efficacy and focus on the variables which influence persons with MI to exercise regularly.