Prevention and Management of Extravasation in Infusion Therapy

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Thitiporn Pathomjaruwat



Infusion or intravenous therapy is a procedure that involves inserting a needle into the body to
administer medications or fluids through intravenous route. This nursing care is prescribed by the physician,
and is used to administer antibiotics for infection, chemotherapeutic agents during chemotherapy, intravenous
fluids for hypovolemic shock, and minerals for electrolyte imbalance. The most severe complication of
infusion therapy is extravasation, which results from the leakage of medication or fluid in the vein causing
tissue injury. This complication may lead to infection of the site and bloodstream, thus increasing the length
of hospitalization and medical costs. Therefore, nurses should be knowledgeable of how to prevent, monitor,
assess and manage of extravasations. The objective of this arti cle is to provide information about the incidence, risk and complication management, and prevention of extravasation.


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How to Cite
Pathomjaruwat, T. (2017). Prevention and Management of Extravasation in Infusion Therapy. Journal of Research in Nursing-Midwifery and Health Sciences, 37(2), 169–181. Retrieved from