Main Article Content
The purpose of this quasi-experimental research was to study the effect of Happy Reminiscence Therapy on reducing depression in women who lost their husbands from the southern violence in Nongchik District, Pattani Province. Fifteen people were assessed before and after the experiment (one-group, pretest-posttest design) with the Depression Assessment Form. Data analysis was carried out with paired t-tests. The results showed that 1. The entire sample consisted of female, widow status 86.7 percent, The age ranged from 46-59 years (M=50.20, SD=5.02), 46.7 percent have junior high school education, 60.0 percent are government employees, 60.0 percent have income from 5,001 to 10,000 baht per month, 53.3 percent have low income, and 73.3 percent have no underlying disease. The results of average depression after Happy Reminiscence Therapy (HRT) were evaluated by the Depression Assessment Form (9 questions, 9Qs). Happy Reminiscence Therapy can significantly reduce depression of women who lost their husbands from Southern violence (t=3.489, p<.05).The result of this study showed that Happy Reminiscence Therapy reduced depression of this sample and may be applied to reduce depression in other patients.
บทความและรายงานวิจัยในวารสารพยาบาลกระทรวงสาธารณสุข เป็นความคิดเห็นของ ผู้เขียน มิใช่ของคณะผู้จัดทำ และมิใช่ความรับผิดชอบของสมาคมศิษย์เก่าพยาบาลกระทรวงสาธารณสุข ซึ่งสามารถนำไปอ้างอิงได้
2. Karaketsorn D, Kongsuwan V. Development of crisis recovery models for women widow who face stress after the shock of the southern border violence situation in Thailand. Journal of Psychiatric Nursing and Mental Health 2015;29(1):14-26.(in Thai).
3. Rungrueangkalakit S, Suprasong S, Leejongpermpoon J, Pimsen S, Khammeesenon P, Paorohit S.Clinical practices for social psychological treatment of patients with depression for psychiatric nurses in tertiary care facilities. Nonthaburi: Department of Mental Health 2011.(in Thai).
4. Itthasakun P. Abnormal emotional disorder in M Loetrakun, P Sukanich (editor), Ramathibodi Psychiatry (New remix No. 3, page 149-173). Bangkok: Department of Mental Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital Mahidol University 2012.
5. Bauer M, Bschor T, Pfernnig A, Whybrow P, Angst J, Versani M, et al. World federation of societies of biological psychiatry guidelines for biological treatment of unipolar depressive disorders in primary care. The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry 2007;8(2):67-104.
6. Tabinta D. Depression: Therapy and counseling by adjusting thoughts and behavior. Chiang Mai: Wanida Printing; 2012.
7. Waiwattana V. Relationship between personal and family characteristics and quality of life elderly, SuratThani Province, Bangkok: SukhothaiThammathirat Open University; 2007.
8. Palasak T, Soonthornchaiya R, Uppsane R. The effect of therapy program by solving problems in depression in patients with major depressive disorder. Journal of Psychiatric Nursing and Mental Health 2017;31(1):60-74. (in Thai)
9. Kongsuk T, Arunpongpaisal S, Janthong S, Prukkanone B, Sukhawaha S, Leejongpermpoon J. Reliability and accuracy of the depression scale with 9 questions compared to the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD-17). J Psychiatr Assoc. Thailand 2018;63(4):321-34. (in Thai)
10. Prohmpetc W, Songwathana P. Research synthesis of mental remedy for people affected by the civil unrest in the Southernmost provinces. Journal of Liberal Art 2018;10(1). (In Thai)
11. Soonthomchaiya R. Recollection therapy: Psychosocial therapy in elderly depression patients. Journal of Psychiatric Nursing and Mental Health 2011;25(2):1-11. (in Thai)
12. Laikongtham W, Pimtra S, Kongsuk T, Rungruangkolkit S. The results of a happy backache treatment group on depression in Thai elderly with depression. Journal of Psychiatric Nursing and Mental Health 2015;29(2):12-27. (in Thai)
13. Boyd MA. Psychiatric nursing: Cotemporary practice. (5th ed.). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer 2015.
14. Phuphet K, Nukaew O, Vanaleesin S. The Effects of Reminiscence Program on Hope among Older Adults with Major Depressive Disorder: A Preliminary Study. The Southern College Network Journal of Nursing and Public Health 2017;4(2):1-14. (in Thai)
15. Wangthong ANG, Suttharangsee W, Wangthong ANU, Watsen T. Perspective of service recipients towards nursing with human heart in different cultures Nongchik District; Pattani Province. Journal of the Nursing Alumni Association, Ministry of Public Health 2013;23(3):35-44. (in Thai)
16. Buatchum K, Kongsuwan V, Suttharangsee W. Psychological self-care of widows from the unrest situation in Southern Thailand: a preliminary study. Songklanagarind Journal of Nursing 2017;37(1):97-104. (in Thai)
17. Phalitnonkiat Prasarnthong N. Happiness created at any age. Bangkok: The Agricultural Cooperative Assembly of Thailand, 2013.
18. Ananpatiwet S. The effectiveness of the application under the concept of positive psychology for the happiness and negative emotions of parents of patients with autism. Journal of Psychiatric Nursing and Mental Health 2017;31(3):30-44. (in Thai)
19. Tomena P. Mental healing in people affected by the civil unrest in the Southernmost provinces. Thai Journal of Mental Health 2013;21(3):171-84. (in Thai)
20. Songwathana P, Baltip K, Prompet W, Wichaidit S. Remedy Experience of Women Having Lost Their Family Members through Violence in Thailand’s Three Southernmost Provinces. Thai Journal of Nursing Council 2017; 32(4):39-54. (in Thai)
21. Mental Health Promotion and Development Department of Mental Health. 5- dimensional happiness guide for seniors (Revised edition) 2013. Bangkok: Thailand Agricultural Cooperative Assembly Printing Company.