Factors Related to Health Literacy and Self-Protective Behaviors for Surveillance Operation of Coronavirus Infection Disease 2019 of Village Health Volunteers at Soi-Dao District in Chanthaburi Province

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Ekkarat Meekaew
Wanlop Jaidee
Sunisa Sangjun


This research aimed to study factors related to health literacy of COVID-19, and the factors affecting self-protective behavior for surveillance operation of COVID-19. The sample size was village health volunteers (VHVs) in Soi Dao District, Chanthaburi Province, 410 people were selected by simple random sampling. The newly developed questionnaire was used. Analyzing data was done with descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, and linear multiple regression statistics. The results of the study revealed that the VHVs had a very good level of both health literacy of COVID-19 (85.12%) and self-protective behaviors (80.24%). The factors related to health literacy were: area of ​​residence (c2=7.457, p<.05), perceptions of proactive health services by health care workers (r=.148, p<.01), participation in community proactive activities (r=.250, p<.01), learning from model observation (r=.150, p<.01), social media use (r=.171, p<.01), and personal reinforcement (r=.125, p<.05). The 4 factors affected self-protective behaviors were health literacy in 3 aspects: self-management (B=.931, 95%CI .73-1.14), access to information (B=.628, 95%CI .37-.88), discrimination decisions (B=.286, 95%CI .07-.50) and including area of ​​residence (municipal) factors (B=1.168, 95%CI .41-1.93). The above factors could predict self-protective behavior to a degree of 40.90%.


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Meekaew เ, Jaidee ว, Sangjun ส. Factors Related to Health Literacy and Self-Protective Behaviors for Surveillance Operation of Coronavirus Infection Disease 2019 of Village Health Volunteers at Soi-Dao District in Chanthaburi Province. NJPH (วารสาร พ.ส.) [Internet]. 2022 Apr. 26 [cited 2022 Aug. 8];32(1):74-87. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tnaph/article/view/257443


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