Selected Factors Related to the CD4 Counts in Persons Firstly Diagnosed with HIV Infection

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Jittakarn Pakdee
Wantana Maneesriwongul
Wanna Sanongdej


This descriptive correlational study was conducted to describe selected factors that related to CD4 counts and examined relationships between selected factors and CD4 counts among persons who were firstly diagnosed with HIV infection. A sample of 189 people. Data were collected using a set of questionnaires. Responding to a questionnaire recalling their own experiences from the time when they were firstly diagnosed with HIV infection. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the Chi-square test. The results demonstrated that the CD4 count in persons firstly diagnosed with HIV infection ranged from 2-1,200 cells/mm3 and a median of 180 cells/mm3. This study revealed that age, perceived health status, barriers to access to HIV testing in terms of fear to have blood drawn, not knowing their health service coverage of treatment and HIV testing, and not having telephone counseling for HIV testing were significantly related to the CD4 counts in persons firstly diagnosed with HIV infection. Therefore, health care providers should have multiple communication channels and provide information to the public about HIV testing and diagnosis, antiretroviral therapy (ART) and healthcare schemes and encouraging the people who perceived HIV risk to have an early access to HIV testing service and know the HIV status. These will help people living with HIV increasing their access to ART and reduce the spread of HIV transmission.


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Pakdee, J., Maneesriwongul, W., & Sanongdej, W. (2022). Selected Factors Related to the CD4 Counts in Persons Firstly Diagnosed with HIV Infection. Vajira Nursing Journal, 24(2), 1–15. Retrieved from
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Author Biographies

Jittakarn Pakdee , -

นักศึกษาหลักสูตรพยาบาลศาสตรมหาบัณฑิต สาขาการพยาบาลเวชปฏิบัติชุมชน คณะแพทยศาสตร์โรงพยาบาลรามาธิบดีมหาวิทยาลัยมหิดล

Wantana Maneesriwongul

Corresponding author รองศาสตราจารย์ สาขาวิชาการพยาบาลสุขภาพชุมชน โรงเรียนพยาบาลรามาธิบดี คณะแพทยศาสตร์โรงพยาบาลรามาธิบดี

Wanna Sanongdej

ผู้ช่วยศาสตราจารย์โรงเรียนพยาบาลรามาธิบดี คณะแพทยศาสตร์โรงพยาบาลรามาธิบดี มหาวิทยาลัยมหิดล


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