Knowledge and Attitudes of Participants on Childhood Injury Prevention Program
Keywords:Childhood injury prevention, Knowledge, Attitude
Background: Education is an effective method to prevent injury in childhood. In Thailand, there are many childhood injury prevention educational activities but only few outcomes on these programs were reported.
Objective: To examine the knowledge and attitude of participants in the child Injury prevention program regarding child injury prevention, and compare knowledge and attitude scores before and after the educational program.
Method: According to previous data from the preschool children injury prevention education program in Chonburi, the knowledge and attitude scores of the participants were compared between before and after the educational program with the Paired t- test. Content analysis of participants’ opinions was performed.
Results: Fifty-one participants consisted of 21 teachers (41.2%), 18 third year medical students (35.3%), 7 nannies (13.7%) and 5 others (9.8%). The program included lectures and practice exercises in 3 learning stations of drowning, traffic and household injuries. Mean pre-test of knowledge score was 57.1%, attitude score was 73.1%. The drowning topic had less pre-test score than the average of all topics. Subjects had statistically significant improvement of post-test scores on knowledge and attitudes in all learning topics. The mean knowledge score improved by 31.2% (p <0.001). The mean attitude score improved by 16.9% (p <0.001). Most participants confirmed that they benefit from the program in terms of knowledge and attitudes for preventing unintentional injuries in preschool children.
Conclusions: Participants of childhood Injury prevention program have developed more knowledge and attitudes that are useful for preventing injuries in children, especially in the topic of drowning.
Plitponkarnpim A, Chinapa M. Trend of child injury and drowning in Thailand, and child safety promotion initiative. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 2014; 45: 50-2.
Plitponkarnpim A. Chapter 10 Guidelines for enhancing safety and preventing injury. In: Noipayak P, Piyasil W, Ningsanon W, Ungthavorn P. Guideline in child health supervision. 1st ed. Bangkok: Sapphasan; 2014. p 101-26.
Watson MC, Errington G. Preventing unintentional injuries in children: successful approaches. Paediatr Child Health. 2016; 26: 94-9.
Patel D, Magnusen E, Sandell JM. Prevention of unintentional injury in children. Paediatrics and Child Health 2017 ; 27: 420-6.
Denny SA, Quan L, Gilchrist J, McCallin T, Shenoi R, Yusuf S, et al. Prevention of Drowning. Pediatrics 2019 ; 143: e20190850.
Sutchritpongsa S, Sangwisit S, Sonjaipanich S. Parental awareness of household injury prevention: adequacy of anticipatory guidance for well childcare. J Med Assoc Thai 2013; 96: 1531-5.
Aomsin K, Yingrengreung S. A Systematic Review: Home Injury Prevention Program for Children Aged 0–5 Years. Journal of Nursing and Health Care 2018; 36: 83-90.
Santagati G, Vezzosi L, Angelillo IF. Unintentional injuries in children up to six years of age and related parental knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in Italy. J Pediatr. 2016 ; 177 : 267-72.
Nouman Y, Hussain M, Afzal M, Gilani SA. Effectiveness of health education among mothers to reduce unintentional home injuries of under-five year old children in rural community. Pak J of Public Health 2019; 9: 26-9.
Liu X, Yang J, Chen X, Li L. Knowledge, attitudes and behaviors on child passenger safety among expectant mothers and parents of newborns: A qualitative and quantitative approach. PloS one 2016; 11: e0146121.
Ingram JC, Deave T, Towner E, Errington G, Kay B, Kendrick D. Identifying facilitators and barriers for home injury prevention interventions for pre-school children: a systematic review of the quantitative literature. Health education research 2011; 27: 258-68.
Ngamsuoy A. Parental behavior enhancement toward childhood home accidental injury prevention. Nursing Journal 2018; 45: 253-60.
Suwantip N, Witthayawirasak B. Using participatory action research for injury prevention in child development centers, Suratthani province. Kasetsart Journal-Social Sciences. 2018; 39: 98-104.
Mytton J, Ingram J, Manns S, Stevens T, Mulvaney C, Blair P, et al. The feasibility of using a parenting programme for the prevention of unintentional home injuries in the under-fives: a cluster randomised controlled trial. Health Technol Assess 2014; 18: 1-184.
Chaudhary SS, Pan A, Pomerantz W, Miller B, Agarwal M.Pediatric Injury Prevention Programs Today: Identifying Markers for Success and Sustainability. Pediatrics 2018; 141: 76.
How to Cite
ข้อความและข้อคิดเห็นต่างๆ เป็นของผู้เขียนบทความ ไม่ใช่ความเห็นของกองบรรณาธิการหรือของวารสารกรมการแพทย์