The association between maternal periodontal diseases in postpartum period and low birth weight in Nangrong hospital
Keywords:Gingivitis, Periodontitis, Adverse pregnancy outcomes, Low birth weight, A new classification scheme for periodontal and peri‐implant diseases and conditions 2018
Background: Low birth weight (LBW) is one of the adverse pregnancy outcomes typically found in Nangrong Hospital.Objective: This study aimed to determine the association of maternal periodontal diseases (New classification scheme 2018) and LBW.Methods: The postpartum mothers (n=100) were enrolled while admitting in Nangrong Hospital. Half of the mothers who had LBW babies were assigned to a case group, and the others who had normal weight babies were assigned to a control group. The data of the mothers were obtained from medical files, interviewing and periodontal examination carried out up to three days after delivery. Probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BOP), clinical attachment level (CAL) and panoramic films were used for the new periodontal classification assessment.Results: Mothers’ weight, birth weight, and gestational days were significant differences between case and control groups. There were no significant differences in clinical parameters (PD, CAL, BOP) among these two groups. Gingivitis and periodontitis were mostly found but not associated with LBW.Conclusion: The results suggested that maternal periodontal diseases were not statistically associated with LBW.
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