Promoting knowledge and self-care behaviors among patients with chronic low back pain in the community through the Back Pain School Program
Keywords:Chronic Low Back Pain, Back School Programe, NRS, Back Education, Self-Care Behavior
Background: Chronic low back pain syndrome is more common in musculoskeletal disorders. Understanding back pain and self-care can help reduce low back pain and have the ability to use daily life better. Objective: To study the effect of education and self-care with back pain school program on the level of numerical resting scale (NRS), disability (Roland – Morris disability questionnaire), knowledge of back pain, and self-care behaviors in patients with chronic low back pain. Method: This study was a quasi-experimental study that recruited a specific sample of 30 people who were diagnosed by a physician and referred to a multidisciplinary team for pain relief and a record form for indicators in this study. The data in this study are presented in terms of percentage, mean, and standard deviation. Result: The results showed no statistically significant difference in the mean level of NRS and disability when comparing the results between before and after participating in the Back pain school program at two weeks (p > 0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in these indicators when comparing the results before and after the program at one month, three months and six months, respectively (p < 0.05). The mean scores of patients' knowledge of back pain and self-care behaviors were statistically improved across all assessment periods compared to before participating in the program (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Back pain school programs can reduce pain and disability and make patients with chronic low back pain have better knowledge and behavior in taking care of themselves.
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