The Development of the Mindfulness Program on Strengthen Relapse Prevention Skills among Persons with Heroin Addictions
Keywords:Mindfulness program, Relapsed preventive skills, Patients with heroine
Background: The statistics of relapse patients with heroine addition, had been treated, was reported at 91-95 percent. There was a high relapse rate. Therefore, meditation and relapsed preventive skills could be deceased heroin relapse. Objective: To develop mindfulness program for patients with heroine addition. Method: The research and development consisted of 2 phases; (1) to develop a mindfulness program included 1.1) to review literature, 1.2) to draft a mindfulness program,1.3) to test content validity by 5 experts, and (2) to try out the meditation program with 10 patients with heroine addition by purposive sampling and following evaluation of relapsed preventive skills. Data were analysis by Wilcoxon signed-ranks test. Results: the mindfulness program on enhancing relapsed preventive skills for patients with heroine addition was group activity, consisted of 8 activities: 1) greeting 2) awareness of relapse 3) here and now 4) my risk 5) my craving 6) problem solving 7) be aware of emotion, cognition, and behavior and 8) far away from illegal drugs. The group activities included 16 times, each activity 50-95 mins, and twice a week. Content validity of the program was tested, yielding a value of .83. Consideration, the median of the self-efficacy, coping, refusal, and decision-making skills’ score of patients after participated the program had significantly higher score than the patients before participated the program Conclusion: the mindfulness program could increase relapsed preventive skills for patients with heroin. Therefore, the program could be implication on patients with heroin who had been treated in hospitals.
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