Factors associated with primary hypertension in HIV-infected patients on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) at a District Hospital of Phuket.


  • เหมือนแพร บุญล้อม Suratthani Hospital


primary hypertension, HIV, HAART


              A retrospective analytical study was designed to determine associated risk factors with primary hypertension among HIV-infected patients who were on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) at a district hospital of Phuket between 1st January 2013 – 31st December 2017. Primary hypertension was defined as blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg or history of recieving of antihypertensive drugs. 377 patients were enrolled. Rate of hypertension was 19.4%
(n=73). Male gender (OR: 2.91, 95% CI: 1.55-5.48; p = 0.001), body mass index (BMI) > 30 Kg/m2 (OR: 4.96, 95% CI: 1.53-16.12; p = 0.008) and years of HAART exposure > 5 years (OR: 3.09, 95% CI:1.25-7.65; p = 0.015) were independently and significantly associated with the presence of primary hypertension in HIV-infected patients at multiple logistic regression analysis. None of metabolic parameters, immunologic factors and the antiretroviral drugs was linked to primary hypertension. In conclusion hypertension among HIV-infected patients on HAART was linked to the well-known risk factors such as gender and BMI and also prolonged HAART use. With HAART, people can live longer, blood pressure and cardiovascular risk factors should be routinely monitored. Other factors such as diet, weight control and physical exercise should also be considered for maintaining quality of life.


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How to Cite

บุญล้อม เ. (2019). Factors associated with primary hypertension in HIV-infected patients on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) at a District Hospital of Phuket. Region 11 Medical Journal, 33(3), 427–440. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Reg11MedJ/article/view/216413



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