Lifestyle Factors Associated with Obesity in Urban Workers: A Case Study of Faculty of Medicine Personnel, Vajira Hospital

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Paveena Prasertjit
Wongpun Limpaseni
Chavanant Sumanasrethakul

Abstract

Objective: To study Lifestyle Factors Associated with Obesity in Urban Workers: A Case Study of Faculty of Medicine Personnel, Vajira Hospital.


Methods: This research is a descriptive research employing waistline measurement and questionnaire. The questionnaire covers lead factors, contributing factors and supplementary factors leading to obesity and suggested activities for reducing obesity. The results were analyzed with descriptive statistics, frequency, percentage, averages and standard deviations and statistical analysis using Chi-square value and Logistic regression.


Results: The 3 sampled groups consist of 177 professional, 31 specialists and 143 supporting personnel. The results showed that the obesity group had lead factors associated with general characteristics on gender affecting obesity (P<0.01). Female were found to at risk of being obese 2.12 times (95% CI: 1.23-3.51) more than male. Married persons were more likely to be obese 1.5 times (P=0.027) than single persons. Knowledge, attitude and consumption behavior and exercise behavior of obese persons were at a lower level than non-obese persons. Contributing factors affecting obesity include meal and drink expenditure (P=0.035). Supplementary factors affecting obesity include an obese family member (P=0.005).


Conclusion: Recommendations on reducing obesity among personnel are implementing organization policy on reducing obesity, arrange for activities for personnel (knowledge dissemination, exercise, etc.), provide clean food cafeteria as well as exercising facilities. The program can be strengthened by the organization information network and multidisciplinary team to monitor and providing information.

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