Factors Related to Preventive Behavior Regarding Diabetes and Hypertension among Supporting Staff in Lampang Rajabhat University

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Anchalee Samngammee
Kaysorn Sumpowthong
Nontiya Homkham

Abstract

Introduction: The purposes of this article are to examine preventive behaviors regarding diabetes and hypertension among support staff at Lampang Rajabhat University, northern Thailand, and to explore factors related to preventive behaviors for diabetes and hypertension among support staff at Lampang Rajabhat University. Conceptual framework was explained according to the PRECEDE framework.


Methods: The research design was analytical cross sectional study. Samples were 220 supporting staff at Lampang Rajabhat University. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and logistic regression.


Results: Thesample preventive behaviors of diabetes and hypertension were at a moderate level. There was a statistically significant correlation between predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors for preventive behaviors for diabetes and hypertension (p-value <0.05). These included gender, average family income in baht per month, knowledge, attitude, information received from media, and family support, respectively. There was no correlation with preventive behaviors for diabetes and hypertension with personnel policy on health promotion and support from colleagues


Conclusion: Gender, average family income in baht per month, knowledge, attitude, information received from media, and family support were the factors associated with promote the prevention of diabetes and hypertension . These findings suggest that personnel should be encouraged to develop more preventive behaviors to avoid diabetes and hypertension by providing health information and organizing training activities to promote disease prevention behaviors and awareness raising on effective preventive healthcare.

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