Happiness and Associated Factors of First to Sixth - Year Medical Students at Faculty of Medicine Vajira Hospital

Main Article Content

Varuna Kolkijkovin
Nutthorn Pattrayuttawat
Thanawin Nukongmai
Nattapol Passara
Apichart Phonglauhaphan
Kongphob Angsupasakorn
Sataphat Boonchaivatanachot


Objective: To study level of happiness and associated factors of first to sixth – year medical students at Faculty of Medicine Vajira Hospital.

Methods: A cross – sectional descriptive study was conducted on first to sixth – year medical students in academic year 2018. General demographic data questionnaire and Thai Happiness Indicator (THI - 15) were used. Data analysis used descriptive statistics, simple logistic regression and multiple logistic regression for inferential statistics.

Results: 429 medical students (87.9%), participating in the study, were happier than or as happy as or less happy than general population which was equal to 32.9, 43.6 and 23.5 percent respectively. Statistically significant factors were adequate sleep (p=0.001), good senior-junior students relationship (p=0.018), being loved (p=0.002), good adaptability (p<0.001), participate in at least 70% of the faculty or university activities (p=0.002), participate in at least 70% of family activities (p=0.031) and moderate to high level of self-esteem (p=0.004).

Conclusion: Almost a quarter of all medical students at Faculty of Medicine Vajira Hospital were less happy than general population. There are numbers of factors relating to happiness. Promoting medical students’ self-esteem, adaptability skill, good interpersonal relationship, participation in various activities and adequate sleep will not only increase their overall happiness but also improve academic outcome. Moreover, it can also prevent mental problems.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Original Articles


Ackerman C. What is happiness and why is it important? (+Definition in psychology) [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2019 Aug 5]. Available from: https://positivepsychology.com/what-is-happiness/.

Mehrdadi A, Sadeghian S, Direkvand - Moghadam A, Hashemian A. Factors affecting happiness: a cross-sectional study in the Iranian youth. JCDR 2016; 10(5):VC01-VC03.

Azizi M, Mohamadian F, Ghajarieah M, Direkvand - Moghadam A. The effect of individual factors, socioeconomic and social participation on individual happiness: a cross-sectional study. JCDR 2017; 11(16):VC01-VC04.

Heizomi H, Allahverdipour H, Jafarabadi MA, Safaian A. Happiness and its relation to psychological well-being of adolescents. AJP 2015; 16:55-60.

Veenhoven R. Healthy happiness: effects of happiness on physical health and the consequences for preventive health care. JOHS 2008; 9(3):449-69.

Lesani A, Mohammadpoorasl A, Javadi M, Ansari H, Fakhari A. Happiness among college students: a cross-sectional web-based study among Iranian medical students. Biotech Health Sci 2016; 3(2):e36029.

Sahraian A, Vakili SM. Studying the happiness level among medical students of Shiraz Medical Sciences University in 2010. Shiraz E Medical Journal 2012; 13(4):179-86.

Gray R, Tantipiwatanaskul P, Suwannoppakao R. Happiness among Thai people: living a virtuous life, spirituality and self-esteem. J Ment Health Thai 2010; 18(2):71-85.

Wongratanacheewin J, Vimovanich S, Teeratakulpisarn N, Srimanta N, Pooparadorn L, Choorus B, et al. The level of happiness and possibly related factors among medical students of KhonKaen University in the 2015 academic year. Srinagarind Med J 2016; 31(1):112-24.

Pitanupong J, Kanapikkhu S. Happiness status and related factors among clinic-medical students of Prince of Songkla University, 2015. Songkla Med J 2017; 35(3):229-38.

Shah SIA, Mumtaz A, Chughtai AS. Subjective happiness and academic procrastination among medical students: the dilemma of unhappy and lazy pupils. PRAS 2017;1:008.

Piqueras JA, Kuhne W, Vera-Villarroel P, Straten AV, Cuijpers P. Happiness and health behaviours in Chilean college students: a cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health 2011; 11:443.

Moghadam M, Rezaei F, Ghaderi E, Rostamian N. Relationship between attachments styles and happiness in medical students. J Family Med Prim Care 2016; 5(3):593-9.

Kamthan S, Sharma S, Bansal R, Pant B, Sexana P, Chansoria S, et al. Happiness among second year MBBS students and its correlates using Oxford happiness questionnaire. JOBCR 2019;9:190-2.

Sheikhmoonesi F, Zarghami M, Khademloo M, Alimohammadi MM. Happiness and associated demographic factors among medical students of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, 2010. J Mazand Univ Med Sci 2013; 23(97):131-7.

Abdulghani HM, AlKanhal A, Mahmoud ES, Ponnamperuma GG, Alfaris EA. Stress and its effects on medical students: a cross-sectional study at a College of Medicine in Saudi Arabia. J Health PopulNutr 2011; 29(5):516-22.

Puthran R, Zhang MWB, Tam WW, Ho RC. Prevalence of depression amongst medical students: a meta-analysis. Med Educ 2016;50:456-68.

Kolkijkovin V, Phutathum S, Chatromyen P, Jantratikul A, Pattrayutawat M, Surinrat T, et al. A study of prevalence and associated factors of stress in the third-year medical students at Faculty of Medicine Vajira Hospital, Navamindradhiraj University. Vajira Med J 2017;61(1):9-20.

Kolkijkovin V, Phutathum S, Natetaweewat N, Joodthong P, Phaisanwongdee P, Nateetaweewat P, et al. Prevalence and associated factors of depression in medical students at Faculty of Medicine Vajira Hospital.J Med Assoc Thai 2019;102(Suppl8):104-8.

Shafiq S, Naz RA, Ansar M,Nasrulla T, Bushra M, Imam S. Happiness as related to mental health among university students. IJHSS 2015; 5(9):124-32.

Seo EH, Kim SG, Kim SH, Kim JH, Park JH, Yoon HJ. Life satisfaction and happiness associated with depressive symptoms among university students: a cross-sectional study in Korea. Ann Gen Psychiatry 2018; 17:52.

Wiboolsuk S, Bunsawat N. Factors affecting learning with happiness of medical students in preclinical year. Siriraj Medical Bulletin 2015;8(2):70-6.

Mongkol A, Huttapanom W, Chetchotisakd P, Chalookul W, Punyoyai L, Suvanashiep S. The study to develop Thai mental health indication. J Psychiatr Assoc Thailand 2001; 46(3):209-25.

Alshehri AA, Althobaiti SM, Alsaadi HD, et al. Subjective happiness assessment among Taif University medical students. Am J Edu Res 2016;4:111-4.

Limsricharoen K, Handee N, Chulakdabba S. Prevalence and associated factors of depression in second to sixth years medical students, Faculty of Medicine in Thailand. J Psychiatr Assoc Thailand 2014; 59(1):29-40.

Ngamthipwattna T, Phattharayuttawat S, Chalemchainukul M. Stress and problem solving styles of the third-year medical students at Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital. J Psychiatr Assoc Thailand 2000; 45(1):59-69.

Liselotte ND, Matthew RT, Tait DS. Medical Students distress: causes, consequences, and proposed solutions. Mayo Clin Proc 2005; 80(12):1163-22.