The Study on Thailand’s Particulate Matter 2.5 (PM 2.5) Management in Accordance with The World Health Organization (WHO) Guidelines

Authors

  • Wichittraphon Sukcharoen Medical student, Faculty of Medicine, Siam University, Phasi Charoen, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Phitchakorn Tangaromsuk Medical student, Faculty of Medicine, Siam University, Phasi Charoen, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Mooktapa Sontiatchara Medical student, Faculty of Medicine, Siam University, Phasi Charoen, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Kotchaphon Waithayakul Medical student, Faculty of Medicine, Siam University, Phasi Charoen, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Chirayu Savedkairop Medical student, Faculty of Medicine, Siam University, Phasi Charoen, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Jidapa Poopongpet Medical student, Faculty of Medicine, Siam University, Phasi Charoen, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Ratarat Kengkoom Medical student, Faculty of Medicine, Siam University, Phasi Charoen, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Sakkarin Bhubhanil Preclinical Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Siam University, Phasi Charoen, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Sarawut Lapmanee Preclinical Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Siam University, Phasi Charoen, Bangkok, Thailand

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14456/vmj.2020.34

Keywords:

Air pollution, Particulate Matter 2.5 microns, Policy, WHO

Abstract

Objective: To study Thailand’s particulate matter 2.5 (PM 2.5) management in line with the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines.

Methods: This academic article aims to review about the health effects of PM 2.5 and study Thailand’s solutions. The plan is to analyze national policies, national development plans, environmental situation reports, air pollution and dust management in Thailand and sample countries, namely China, Japan, and Vietnam in conformity with the WHO guidelines covering six areas, i.e. industry, energy, transport, urban planning, power generation, municipal and agricultural waste management.

Results: PM 2.5 affects free radicals balance, induces inflammation in lung tissue and cell death, as well as causes respiratory and cardiovascular disorders. However, Thailand has adopted PM 2.5 solution measures in line with the WHO guidelines and performed in the same way as other sample countries to control PM 2.5.

Conclusions: As PM 2.5 is harmful to health, Thailand has introduced urban pollution management methods followed the WHO guidelines to reduce health problems and enhance people’s quality of life.

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Published

2020-10-30

How to Cite

Sukcharoen, W., Tangaromsuk, P., Sontiatchara, M., Waithayakul, K., Savedkairop, C., Poopongpet, J., Kengkoom, R., Bhubhanil, S., & Lapmanee, S. (2020). The Study on Thailand’s Particulate Matter 2.5 (PM 2.5) Management in Accordance with The World Health Organization (WHO) Guidelines. Vajira Medical Journal : Journal of Urban Medicine, 64(5), 345–356. https://doi.org/10.14456/vmj.2020.34

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Original Articles