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Objective: To study the prevalence of vertical transmission of HIV at Faculty of Medicine Vajira Hospital.
Methods: Data from medical records of children born from an HIV-infected mother at Faculty of Medicine Vajira Hospital, Navamindradhiraj University from December 1st, 2010 to December 31st, 2018 were collected as a retrospective descriptive study.
Results: One hundred and forty-three cases were recruited. The average gestational age of the infants was 38.1 ± 1.7 weeks (31.9-42.0), and mean birth weight was 2,830.0 ± 454.3 grams (1,480-4,000). Seventy five cases (52.4%) were male and 68 cases (47.6%) were female. Ninety-seven (67.8%) and 46 (32.2%) children were categorized into standard risk group and high risk group, respectively. The most common complications were early onset neonatal sepsis (17.5%), neonatal jaundice (2.8%) and pneumonia (2.1%). All infants were cure and average hospital length of stay was 6.3 ± 6.3 days (2-45). Only one infant (0.7%) from irregular antiretroviral drugs intake mother was infected. This neonate received only zidovudine (AZT) for 4 weeks after birth because his mother gave history of regular antiretroviral drugs intake for more than 12 weeks before delivery.
Conclusion: The prevalence of vertical transmission of HIV at Faculty of Medicine Vajira Hospital was 0.7%. The infected baby born from high risk mother received only AZT after birth for preventing HIV vertical transmission.
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