Risk Factors and Effective Treatments of Postpartum Depression in Young Adult Mothers

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Supitchayanee Pongpidet
Tanaput Surawattanavisetpa
Kawinnart Thanakijborisut
Bhuwasit Seenprachawong
Nahathai Srisuwan
Muchchimaporn Chatkittikunwong
Panida Saengkrajang
Witchapon Promkaew
Chanathip Phaocharoen
Thidarat Thodthankhun
Sarawut Lapmanee

Abstract

Objective: To determine the associated factors and the effective treatments of postnatal depression in young adult mothers.


Methods: The research articles were searched from the PubMed and Science Direct databases using specific keywords including young adult mother, risk factor, treatment, postpartum, depression.


Results: 14 research articles met the inclusion criteria. Risk factors for postnatal depression divided into biological factors, including age, methods of delivery and implantation of hormonal contraceptives; or psychological factors, involving body shape satisfaction and self-esteem; or social factors consisting of education level, employment and numbers of children. Pharmacological therapy or vitamin D supplementation and non-pharmacological treatment, including home visit psychotherapy and telephone cognitive behavioral therapy could alleviate postpartum depressive symptoms.


Conclusions: This systematic review showed an evidence of risk factors and concerning treatment options for postnatal depression in young adult mothers.

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