Main Article Content
Objective: To determine the associated factors and the effective treatments of postnatal depression in young adult mothers.
Methods: The research articles were searched from the PubMed and Science Direct databases using specific keywords including young adult mother, risk factor, treatment, postpartum, depression.
Results: 14 research articles met the inclusion criteria. Risk factors for postnatal depression divided into biological factors, including age, methods of delivery and implantation of hormonal contraceptives; or psychological factors, involving body shape satisfaction and self-esteem; or social factors consisting of education level, employment and numbers of children. Pharmacological therapy or vitamin D supplementation and non-pharmacological treatment, including home visit psychotherapy and telephone cognitive behavioral therapy could alleviate postpartum depressive symptoms.
Conclusions: This systematic review showed an evidence of risk factors and concerning treatment options for postnatal depression in young adult mothers.
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