Developmental and Behavioral Risks in Children Raised at Home, Compared with Children Who Attend Child Care Centers

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Leelarapin Chongwatanasawat
Chanyut Suphakunpinyo


Background: Parenting and participation in interactive activities are both influence on child development. Thai children usually live as extended families, or attend in various standard of child care centers. So, the children who raised at home and those who attend child care centers are also learned the different practices, and we cannot imply where is better for the children.

Objectives: To compare the prevalence of developmental and behavioral risks in children raised at home and those who attend child care centers. Additionally, to find out the associated factors to these problems.

Methods: The caregivers of children aged 1 to 5 years old from Pediatric Outpatient Department Srinagarind Hospital Faculty of Medicine Khon Kaen University, the Demonstration Daycare Centers, and the child care centers under the Subdistrict Administration Organization participated. Data has included the parent questionnaires and evaluated with the Thai version of Parents’ Evaluation of Developmental Status (PEDS). The data were analyzed to compare descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression was used to explore the associated factors on developmental and behavioral problems.

Results: The fifteen percent of all the participants reported positive of the developmental and behavioral concerns by the PEDS questionnaires, 55% of these were raised at home and 45% were child care center attendance (P = 0.254). The child’s gender was the only associated factors of child developmental and behavioral risks. However, child center attendance was not found as the significant factor to developmental and behavioral risks.

Conclusion: The prevalence of developmental and behavioral risks in the children raised at home and those who attended child care centers did not differ, neither both kind of child care centers. Thus, the developmental and behavioral risks were not mainly relied on the place children raised.


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