The Association between Parenting Styles and Behavioral Problems in Children

Main Article Content

Suppanat Charoenjit
Dussadee Ngernlangtawee


Background: Behavioral problem was the common problem that had long-term effects on child’s performance. This study aimed to investigate the association between parenting style and child behavioral problems.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted by using parenting style questionnaire and strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) to collect data from caretaker of children, aged 3-15 years old who were treated at Vajira Hospital. The prevalence of parenting styles and association between parenting styles and behavioral problems in children were analyzed by multiple linear regression.

Results: 198 participants were enrolled. Male caretaker was 52%, mean age was 38.45 ± 11.6 years old. Boy was 55.6%, mean age was 8.19 ± 2.72 years old. The prevalence of authoritative, permissive and authoritarian parenting style was 59.6%, 23.2% and 17.2%, respectively. The study showed significantly difference of total difficulties score among parenting style groups (p-value = 0.034). Linear regression analysis showed difficult or slow-to-warm up temperament (gif.latex?\beta = 0.196, t = 2.805, p-value = 0.006), birth order (gif.latex?\beta = -0.145, t = -2.052, p-value = 0.041) and authoritarian parenting style (gif.latex?\beta = -0.149, t= -2.106, p-value = 0.036) were factors that impact to child’s total difficulties score. When cofactor was controlling, difficult or slow-to-warm up temperament (gif.latex?\beta = 0.20, 95% CI = 0.96-3.62, p-value = 0.004) and birth order (gif.latex?\beta = -0.15, 95% CI= -1.84,-0.06, p-value = 0.037) were factors that still be a great impact significantly.

Conclusions: The most common parenting style was authoritative style. Parenting styles were associated with child behavioral score. Temperament and birth order were factor that impact to behavioral score.

Article Details

How to Cite
Charoenjit , S., & Ngernlangtawee, D. (2021). The Association between Parenting Styles and Behavioral Problems in Children. Vajira Medical Journal : Journal of Urban Medicine, 65(Supplement November), S53–62.
Original Articles


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