Knowledge Retention after Team-based Learning for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training in the 6th year Medical Students

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Ratchayakorn Limapichat


Background: A three-day cardiopulmonary resuscitation
(CPR) training program was provided for all medical
students at the beginning of the 6th year training program.
Immediately after training, they all passed the written and
resuscitation examinations. Moreover, they also had
experiences of resuscitation events in real situation as a
leader or a member of the CPR team. But most of them
got low score from CPR station in the step three National
License examinations (NL3) at the end of the 6th year. To
improve knowledge retention, team-based learning (TBL)
was used in the resuscitation training program.
Objective: To assess medical student’s knowledge
retention after CPR training using team-based learning.

Methods: Six months after standard CPR training, all
students attended a one day team-based learning training
program, start with performing resuscitation skill in
simulated cardiac arrest scenario as pre-test. Then
divided the student into 4 groups, closed book case-based
discussion was done in each group. One student from
each group conducted teaching and group discussion
under supervision of the instructor. After discussion ended,
all students received two examinations in simulated
condition similar to the pre-test, immediate after training
(post-test 1) and 75 days after the class (post-test 2).

Result: Thirty-four from forty-five students completed this
study. The passing rate from pre-test, post-test 1 and
post-test 2 were 29.4%, 88.3% and 85.3%, respectively.
Conclusion: Team-based learning combined with lecture
and simulation based in the CPR training can retained a
high level of knowledge at 75 days after learning.

Article Details

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