Anesthesia and Respiratory Diseases

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Somchai Amornyotin


In patients with underlying respiratory pathology, the changes in respiratory physiology may lead to additional clinical problems during the conduct of anesthesia and in the perioperative period. An understanding of the disease permits the anesthetic personnel to comprise the potential complications and manage the anesthesia consequently. Failure to recognize patients who are at increased risk may result in patients not receiving optimal perioperative care. Patient monitoring and support are also critical and should be directed toward normalizing respiratory function and supporting the goal of the respiratory system, which is to deliver oxygen to and remove carbon dioxide from tissues and organs throughout the body. Importantly, the risk identification, pre-operative optimization and appropriate anesthetic management, could be reduced the risks of developing postoperative complications in the patients with respiratory disease.

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