Effect of Self-efficacy Enhancement on Breastfeeding Among Adolescent Mothers

Authors

  • มนัสชนกฑ์ กุลพานิชย์ Registered nurse, Boromrajonani College of Nursing Jakreerat, Ratchaburi
  • บังอร ศุภวิทิตพัฒนา Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • นงลักษณ์ เฉลิมสุข Lecturer, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University

Keywords:

self-efficacy enhancement, exclusive breastfeeding, adolescent mothers

Abstract

Adolescent mothers may lack confidence in their ability to breastfeed their infants.
Adolescent mothers with low breastfeeding self-efficacy, may not have been successful with exclusive breastfeeding. The purpose of this quasi-experimental research was to examine the effect of self-efficacy enhancement on exclusive breastfeeding at 6 weeks among adolescent mothers. The subjects consisted of 44 adolescent mothers admitted into the postpartum ward at Banpong Hospital in Ratchaburi from March to July 2016. They were selected using the inclusion criteria and equally divided into the control and experimental groups with twenty-two in each group, as a matched pair design. The research instruments consisted of 2 parts. Part 1 included the breastfeeding self-efficacy enhancement plan, a video presenting a symbolic model, a breastfeeding flip chart, a comic chat used instead of words, and the book "Hai Look Kin Nom Kra Phong Nae Jai Reu” (Are you sure you want to give your baby formula milk). Part II included a breastfeeding self-efficacy questionnaire and the exclusive breastfeeding questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the Chi-square test.

Results of the study revealed that:

The adolescent mothers in experimental group had significantly higher exclusive breastfeeding rate at 6 weeks than that of the control group (p < .001)

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abedi, P., Jahanfar, S., Namvar, F., & Lee, J. (2016). Breastfeeding or nipple stimulation for reducing postpartum haemorrhage in the third stage of labour (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2016, 1. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010845.pub2.

Budsaengdee, B., Kantaruksa, K., & Chareonsanti. J. (2013). Effect of Self-efficacy Promotion on
Success in Exclusive Breastfeeding among Cesarean Section Mothers. Nursing Journal,
40(3), 1-10. (In Thai)

Bureau of Policy and Strategy Ministry of Public Health. (2015). Strategy Indicators and Collection
data 2015. Retrived May 27, 2015, Retrived from http://203.157.181.5/yasopho/plan58/
kpi_update_30sep2014.pdf (In Thai)

Bureau of Reproductive Health, Department of Health, Ministry of Public Health. (2015). Statistics
on Adolescent Births, Thailand 2015. Retrived May 27, 2016, Retrived from
http://rh.anamai.moph.go.th/download/all_file/brochure/statistics_adolescent15.pdf (In Thai)

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: W. H. Freeman and
company.

Blyth, R., Creedy, D. K., & Dennis, C. L. (2002). Effect of maternal confidence on breastfeeding duration: An application of breastfeeding self-efficacy theory. Birth, 29(4), 278-284.

Borba, L. S., & Valentini, N. C. (2015). Mothers and cognitive development of infants of adolescent and adult mothers: Longitudinal study. Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano 2015, 17(4), 488-449. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2015v17n4p438

Burn, N., &Grove, S. K. (2005). The practice of nursing research conduct, critique, & utilization (5th ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier saunders.

Cunnington, A. J. (2001). What’s so bad about teenage pregnancy. The Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care, 27(1), 36-41.

Dennis, C. L., & Faux, S. (1999). Development and psychometric testing of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale. Research in Nursing and Health, 22, 399-409.

Durham Region Health Department. (2012). Infant feeding surveillance system: Focused report on infant feeding among adolescent mothers. Website
http://www.durham.ca/departments/health/health_statistics/IFSSadolescentMothers.pdf, 9 April 2015.

Horta, B. L., Victora, C. G. & World Health Organization. (2013a). Long-term effects of
breastfeeding: A systematic review. Retrived May 27, 2015, Retrived
From https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/79198/9789241505307_
eng.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Horta, B. L., Victora, C. G. & World Health Organization (2013b). Short-term effects of
breastfeeding: A systematic review on the benefits of breastfeeding on diarrhea and pneumonia mortality. Retrived May 27, 2015, Retrived From https://apps.who.int/
iris/bitstream/handle/10665/95585/9789241506120_eng.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Jintrawet, U., Somboon, L., & Thongsawat, T. (2010). [Evaluation of Self-efficacy in
Breastfeeding ]. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Chiang Mai University. (In Thai)

Kingston, D., Dennis, C. L., & Sword, W. (2007). Exploring breast-feeding self-efficacy.
The Journal of Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing, 21(3), 207-212

Maehr, J. C., Lizarraga, J. L., Wingard, D. L., & Felice, M. E. (1993). A comparative study of adolescent and adult mothers who intend breastfeed. Journal of Adolescent Health, 14, 453-457.

McNeely, C., & Blanchard, J. (2009). The teen years explained: A guide to healthy adolescent development. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Bloomburg School of Public Health.

Neal, Z., Matthews, Z., Frost,. M., Fogstad, H., Camacho, A. V., & Laski, L. (2012). Childbearing in adolescent aged 12-15 years in low resource countries: A neglected issue. New estimates from demographic and household surveys in 42 countries. Nordic Federation of Societies and Gynecology, 91, 1114-1118.

National Statistical Office. (2016). Survey of the situation of children and women in Thailand 2015-
2016 Retrived September 17, 2016, Retrived from http://service.nso.go.th/nso/nsopublish/themes/files/child-women58.pdf (In Thai)

Pentecost, R., & Grassley, J. S. (2013). Adolescent’s needs for nurse’ support when initiating
breastfeeding. Journal of Human Lactation, 30 (2), 224-228.

Smith, P. H., Coley, S. L., Labbok, M. H., Cupito, S., & Nwokah, E. (2012). Early breastfeeding experiences of adolescent mothers: A qualitative prospective study. International Breastfeeding Journal 2012, 7(1), 7-13.

The United Nations Children’s Fund. (2013). Improving child nutrition: The achievable
Imperative for global progress. Website http://data.unicef.org/nutrition/iycf ,
16 November 2014.

World Health Organization. (2014). Adolescent pregnancy. Website http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/topics/maternal/adolescent_pregnancy/en/,
4 February 2015.

Published

2019-06-24