Effect of Promoting Smoking Cessation Program for Parents to Reduce Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Pediatric Patients with Asthma

Authors

  • วิชชุดา มากมาย Master student, Master of Nursing Science, Faculty of Nursing, Chulalongkorn University
  • สุนิดา ปรีชาวงษ์ Corresponding author ,Assistant Professor, Tobacco Control Research Group, Faculty of Nursing, Chulalongkorn University
  • สุรศักดิ์ ตรีนัย ,Assistant Professor, Tobacco Control Research Group, Faculty of Nursing

Keywords:

promoting smoking cessation program, smoking cessation behavior, secondhand smoke exposure, pediatric patients with asthma, parents, Pender’s Health Promotion Model

Abstract

Secondhand smoke exposure in pediatric patients with asthma results in more frequent and severe exacerbations. The objective of this quasi-experimental study was to examine the effect of the Promoting Smoking Cessation program on parents of pediatric patients with asthma. The participants were parents of fifty children with asthma, aged under five years, who currently smoke cigarettes. The first 25 participants were assigned to a control group and the latter 25 to an experimental group. The control group received conventional nursing care while the experimental group took part in the Promoting Smoking Cessation program. The instrument used in collecting data was the Smoking Cessation Behaviors Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and t-test.

The results of this study showed that after the intervention, the mean score of smoking cessation behaviors in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group (p < .05). The results suggest that the Promoting Smoking Cessation program can improve smoking cessation behaviors of parents in pediatric patients with asthma. The program should be employed as a guideline to reduce secondhand smoke exposure in pediatric patients with asthma.

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Published

2019-06-24