Effects of an Empowerment Program on Sense of Mastery and Severity of Osteoarthritis in Persons with Knee Osteoarthritis

Authors

  • อภิชาติ กาศโอสถ Instructor, Faculty of Nursing Chiang Mai, University
  • พิกุล พรพิบูลย์ Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing Chiang Mai, University
  • จันทร์ฉาย โยธาใหญ่ Instructor, Faculty of Nursing Chiang Mai, University

Keywords:

การเสริมสร้างพลังอำนาจ, ความรู้สึกถึงความสามารถในการควบคุม, ความรุนแรงของข้อเสื่อม, ผู้ที่เป็นโรคข้อเข่าเสื่อม

Abstract

Empowerment is an accepted process in terms of effective enhancing self-care among patients with chronic disease. This quasi-experimental study aimed to examine the effects of an empowerment program on a sense of mastery and severity of osteoarthritis among persons with knee osteoarthritis. The research participants were composed of 36 persons with knee osteoarthritis who attended the outpatient department of a university hospital during January to May 2018. The research tools were composed of the demographic data form, the sense of mastery assessment form and the knee osteoarthritis severity assessment form. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Mann Whitney U-test, and Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-rank test.

The results of this study revealed that:

  1. Persons with knee osteoarthritis who participated in the empowerment program reported a sense of mastery significantly higher than before participating in the program (P < .01).
  2. Persons with knee osteoarthritis who participated in the empowerment program reported a sense of mastery significantly higher than those who did not participate in the program (P < .01).
  3. Persons with knee osteoarthritis who participated in empowerment program reported significantly less severity of knee osteoarthritis than before participating in the program (P < .01).
  4. Persons with knee osteoarthritis who participated in empowerment program reported significantly less severity of knee osteoarthritis than those who did not participate in the program (P < .01).

            This program can be used effectively with a nursing service system using primary nursing care or a case management model.

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Published

2019-06-24