Development of Video Media in Preventing Endopthalmitis for Patients Undergoing Cataract Surgery

  • Pimpila Siripan คณะพยาบาลศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยเชียงใหม่
  • Nongyao Kasatpibal Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Pimpapron Klunklin Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
Keywords: Development, Video media, Prevention, Endopthalmitis, Cataract surgery


Endopthalmitis is a serious postoperative complication of cataract surgery. Enhancing patient’s knowledge and correct practices using effective educational media may help to prevent endopthalmitis. This developmental research study aimed to develop video media for patients undergoing cataract surgery and to study the efficiency of the video media in preventing endopthalmitis. The study sample consisted of 41 patients undergoing cataract surgery in a university hospital from September 2018 to May 2019. Research instruments included a development and design plan for the video media, a video media user opinion questionnaire, a demographic data questionnaire, a knowledge test on endopthalmitis prevention after cataract surgery, and a user satisfaction questionnaire, all of which were validated by six content experts and three media experts.The content validity index of the knowledge test and the video media satisfaction questionnaire were .97 and 1.0, respectively and the reliability measures were .75 and .94, respectively. The efficiency of the video media was tested using one-to-one, small group interviews, and field test. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics.

            The endopthalmitis prevention video media included content on definitions, signs, symptoms, risk factors, impacts, and prevention practice. After implementation of the video media, average knowledge scores on preventing endopthalmitis after cataract surgery increased significantly from 22.7 to 26.9 (p< .001) and the video media had an efficacy of 1.19 achieving Meguigans’s standard criteria of 1.00. User satisfaction on the video media was high to highest in terms of content (4.33- 4.53), design and presentation (4.17-4.60), usability (4.63-4.73), and overall satisfaction (4.60).

            The video media developed was effective and should be promoted for use to improve the knowledge and practice in the prevention postoperative endopthalmitis among patients undergoing cataract surgery.


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