Factors Related to Fear of Childbirth in Expectant Fathers Having High Risk Pregnant Wives


  • Rujirada Saojawuttipong Graduate Student of Nursing Science program in Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Nantaporn Sansiriphun Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Chavee Baosoung Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University


Fear of childbirth in expectant fathers, , anxiety, social support, self-esteem, family income


Fear of childbirth in expectant fathers can occur from negative predictions about pregnancy and childbirth of their wives and caring for their babies in the future. The purpose of this descriptive correlational research study was to explore paternal fear of childbirth and the correlation of this fear with anxiety, social support, self-esteem, family income and fear of childbirth in expectant fathers with high risk pregnant wives. The subjects were selected following the inclusion criteria and consisted of 100 expectant fathers who brought their wives to the antenatal clinic at Maharaj NaKorn Chiang Mai Hospital from March to June 2019. The research tools comprised demographic data, the Paternal Fear of Childbirth Scale (P-FOCS) by Sansiriphun et al. (2017), the State-Trait

Anxiety Inventory [STAI] form Y-1 by Spielberger (1976) and the Thai version by Nontasak, Iamsupasit, and Thapinta (1991), the Expectant Father Having High Risk Pregnant Wives Social Support Questionnaire by Neawchalee (2007), and the Self-esteem Visual Analog Scale (SVAS) by Piyavhatkul et al. (2011). Descriptive statistics such as Pearson’s product moment correlation were used to analyze the data.

The results of the study were as follows:

1. Subjects had a mean score for fear of childbirth of 105.54 (S.D. = 37.77), which had either a moderate to severe of fear of childbirth, 42% equivalent.

2. Anxiety had a positively statistically significant correlated with fear of childbirth in expectant fathers having high risk pregnant wives. (r = .621, p < .01).

3. Social support and self-esteem had negatively statistically significant correlated with fear of childbirth in expectant fathers having high risk pregnant wives. (r = -.218, p < .05; r = -.250, p < .05 respectively).

4. There was no correlation between family income and fear of childbirth in expectant fathers with high-risk pregnant wives.

The result of this study can provide basic information to develop effective nursing care plans in nursing practice that reduce the fear of childbirth in expectant fathers with high-risk pregnant wives.


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Research Article