Attitudes, Norms, Perceived Behavioral Control, and Intention to Practice for Postoperative Recovery Among Caregivers of Children

  • มนทิรา ใหม่แก้ว Professional nurse, Sriphat Medical Center Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University
  • อุษณีย์ จินตะเวช Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • จุฑารัตน์ มีสุขโข Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
Keywords: Attitudes, Norms, Perceived behavioral control, intention-to-practice postoperative recovery care


Early and proper practice of postoperative care of hospitalized children by caregivers speeds up recovery and prevents complications. The purpose of this correlational descriptive research study was to study the attitudes, norms, perceived behavioral control, and intention-to-practice related to postoperative recovery care, and their relationship among caregivers of children. The Theory of Planned Behavior by Ajzen (1991), along with the reviewed literature, was used as the framework for this study. The participants, recruited according to inclusion criteria, were 106 caregivers of 3-12 year old children who received postoperative recovery care at 3 tertiary level hospitals. Data were collected from August to December 2014. The study instruments included: (1) demographic information of caregivers and children who had received major surgery (2) the modified parents’ beliefs questionnaire by Tourigny et al. (2005) including the intention-to-practice questionnaire, scoring a content validity index of .87  and a reliability of .87; and the caregivers’ beliefs questionnaire about attitudes, norms, and perceived behavioral control with the reliability of .84 (attitudes = .85, norms = .86 and perceived behavioral control = .72). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson product-moment statistical correlation.

          The study findings showed that

  1. All participants had a high overall score of practicing postoperative recovery care. 60.38% had a moderate level of l attitude towards practicing postoperative recovery care. All of the participants recorded a high level of norms to practice for postoperative recovery care. 72.64% had a moderate level of perceived behavioral control to practice postoperative recovery care.
  2. Attitudes were statistically significantly and positively correlated at a moderate level with intention-to-practice (r = .41, p < 0.1). Norms were statistically significantly and positively correlated with intention-to-practice (r = .50, p < 0.1)

          The results of this study provide an understanding of attitudes, norms, perceived behavioral control, and intention-to-practice regarding postoperative recovery among caregivers. Health personnel may use this information to help caregivers’ care and do further research.


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