The effect of social support program combined with physical exercise on quality of life in Major Depressive Disorder patients

  • ปรีดานันต์ ประสิทธิ์เวช Registered Nurse Senior Professional Level, Prachomklao College of Nursing
  • รัชนีกร อุปเสน Assistant Professor Faculty of nursing, Chulalongkorn University
Keywords: Social support, Exercise, quality of life, Major Depressive Disorder patients


This study is a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest control groups research design. The  objects  were to compare :1) quality of life in  Major Depressive Disorder patients (MDD) before and after received  social support  program combined  with  physical  exercise, and 2) quality of life in  Major Depressive Disorder patients  who received social support  program combined  with  physical  exercise  and  those who received  regular nursing care.  The samples  of  40 MDD patients  that met the inclusion criteria  were  recruited patients  who  living  in  community, Muang district, Phetchaburi province. The  samples  were  matched-pairs  with  age  and  duration of  illness  then  randomly  assigned  into  either  experimental or  control group, 20 subjects  in  each  group.  The  experimental  group  received  social support  program combined  with  physical  exercise, whereas  the  control group received  the  regular  nursing  care. The research instruments consisted of: 1) social support program combined with  physical  exercise developed by the researcher based on concept of exercise by Schuch et al.(2015) and concept of social support by House(1981)  2) The tools used for collecting data are the quality of life indicators of the World Health Organization, Thai version by Mahatniranakul,S.,et al.(1997) All instruments  were  tested  for  content  validity  by 5 experts. The reliability  of the instruments were analyzed by finding Cronbach's alpha coefficient  as of  .89 and .90 respectively. Analyze general data using average values Standard deviation and t-test.

The conclusion of this research were as follows:

  1. The average score of quality life in Major  Depressive Disorder  patients after received social support programs combined  with  physical  exercise were higher than before received with statistical significance at the level of .05
  2. The average score of quality of life in Major  Depressive Disorder  patients who received social support programs combined  with  physical  exercise were higher than those who received regular care with statistical significance at the level of .05


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