Nursing Care of Children with Congenital Heart Disease
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a persistent defect on 4-8 weeks of fetal life in structural anomalies of the heart present at birth. The incidence of CHD is approximately
0.8 -1% of all live births. CHD is divided in to two types: 1) Acyanotic heart disease and
2) Cyanotic heart disease. These persistence of defects of fetal structure after birth is actually or potentially of functional significance and is life-threatening such as congestive heart failure and anoxic spells. It is essential that pediatric nurses should clearly understand about CHD including pathophysiology and major cardiac complications. This would make them provide better nursing care and information to the children and families effectively to take care of their CHD children.
Principle of nursing care should focus on essential health information and instruct the caregivers to take care of their CHD children effectively. The most important nursing role to provide safety nursing care without critical condition and have a good quality of life.
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