Effects of Empowerment Program on Health Behaviors, Body Mass Index and Blood Pressure Levels in Patients with Uncontrolled Hypertension

Authors

  • Worada Thongsuk Registered Nurse Kirimat hospital, Sukhothai Province
  • Worawan Tipwareerom Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Naresuan University
  • Pinhatai Supametaporn Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Naresuan University

Keywords:

Empowerment, Health behavior, Body mass index, Blood pressure, Uncontrolled Hypertension

Abstract

Abstract

The objective of this quasi-experimental research is to study the effect of an empowerment program in an uncontrollable hypertension patient. The samplings were hypertension patients, divided into experimental group and control group, 30 in each group. Data collected between December 2019 to February 2020. The tool used in this study consisted of 1) The empowerment program in an uncontrollable hypertension patient 2) Health behavior questionnaire.  A content validity was 0.92 and the confidence value by using Alpha Cronbach's coefficient was 0.76. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation. Normality test, Shapiro-Wilk test statistics. Used Nonparametric with Wilcoxon sign rank test and Mann-Whitney u test.

 The result of the research shows that uncontrollable hypertension patients after participating in the empowerment program had a higher mean score of health behavior than those receiving regular nursing care and higher than before joining the program statistically significant (p<.001). A BMI of uncontrollable hypertension patient after participating in the empowerment program was lower than before joining the program statistically significant (p <.001) but was not different from a control group. A mean blood pressure levels of uncontrollable hypertension patient after participated the empowerment program had lower blood pressure levels than before participated the empowerment program and lower than the control group statistical significance (p <.001).

The results of this research show the effectiveness of the empowerment program to their awareness of self-worth, learning and understanding of the practice of healthy behavior correctly and able to control blood pressure levels as normal.

 

Key word: Empowerment, Health behavior, Body mass index, Blood pressure

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Published

2020-12-09