Factors Predicting Family Management Among Caregivers of Children with Asthma

Authors

  • Sirikran Sutthisompohn Graduate Student, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Suthisa Lamchang Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Usanee Jintrawet Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University

Keywords:

Family management, Caregiver, Asthma Children

Abstract

Asthma is one of the health problems affecting children and their caregivers. This predictive
correlational research studied family management and predictive factors of family management
among caregivers of children with asthma. The sample, selected using purposive sampling,
comprised 119 caregivers of children with asthma aged from 1 month to 5 years visiting the pediatric
out-patient departments at Maharaj Nakhon Si Thammarat Hospital and Hatyai Hospital from April
to June 2019. The instruments for data collection included the Asthma Knowledge Questionnaire,
the Asthma Severity Questionnaire, the Social Support Questionnaire, and the Family Management
Measure. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and stepwise multiple regression analysis.
The results revealed that:
1. The overall mean scores of family management factors among caregivers of children with
asthma were at a moderate level (  = 134.06). The mean scores of easy dimensions were at a
high level ( = 62.89). and the mean scores of the difficult dimensions of family management were
at a low level ( = 71.16). It was shown that the caregivers could easily perform family management.
2. The predictive factor of family management among caregivers of children with asthma was
asthma severity. Asthma severity showed a statistically significant positive correlation with family
management (r=.268, p<.05), and it was able to predict family management 7.20 (R2= .072).
This study could be served as preliminary information in developing asthma severity assessment
guidelines and nursing practice guidelines to decrease asthma severity and promote more effective
family management.

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Published

2020-12-08