Effect of a Contraceptive Promotion Program on Knowledge and Intention of Contraceptive Use Among Adolescent Mothers

Authors

  • Punpilai Sriarporn Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Rudee Pungbangkadee Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Mahidol University
  • Jirawan Deeluea Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Jirasak Sararat Instructor, Faculty of Mass Communication, Chiang Mai University
  • Patchaneeya Chiangta Instructor, Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Saraburi
  • Chutchadaporn Jantarasuk Instructor, Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Surin
  • Lawitra Khiaokham Instructor, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Runrawan Kaewboonruang Professional Nurse, Lamphun Hospital

Keywords:

The Contraceptive Promotion Program, Adolescent mothers, Knowledge, Intention, Repeated pregnancy

Abstract

            Repeated pregnancy in postpartum adolescents affects their physical and psychosocial wellbeing. These effects also extend to the newborn, the family, the economy and society. This quasi-experimental study aimed to examine the knowledge and intention of postpartum teenage mothers after received the Contraceptive Promotion Program. The participants were 160 adolescents receiving services from postpartum units in 4 hospitals in Northern Thailand from August 2018 to November 2019. The participants were purposively selected and divided into a control group (n=80) and an experimental group (n=80). The control group received routine postpartum care, while the experimental group participated in the Contraceptive Promotion Program. The research instruments consisted of 1) the Contraceptive Promotion Program, 2) the Handbook of Contraceptive Used for Adolescent Mothers, 3) the Knowledge of Contraception Assessment Form, and 4) the Intention of Contraceptive Use Recording Form. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Mann Whitney-U test.

The results revealed that:

  1. After the intervention, the knowledge score of contraception in the experimental group was different from the control group (p <.001).
  2. After the intervention, the intention score of the experimental group was different from the control group (p =.01).

          The results of this study showed that the Contraceptive Promotion Program can increase knowledge and intention of contraceptive use in adolescent mothers. Nurse-midwives can use these findings as a guideline to promote intention of contraceptive use and to prevent repeated pregnancy in adolescent mothers.

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Published

2021-03-30

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Section

Research Article