Factors Related to Paternal Health Literacy Among Expectant Fathers

Authors

  • Sirirat Sonted Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Nantaporn Sansiriphun Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Jirawan Deeluea Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University

Keywords:

Social support, Paternal health literacy, Anxiety, Expectant fathers

Abstract

Paternal health literacy among expectant fathers is essential for the wellness of the expectant father, the pregnant wife, and the fetus. The purpose of this descriptive correlational research study was to explore education, income, anxiety, social support, and paternal health literacy among expectant fathers. The subjects consisted of 105 expectant fathers who took their pregnant wives to the antenatal care unit at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital and Health Promotion Center Region 1 Chiang Mai from March 2021 to June 2021. The research instruments were the Paternal Health Literacy Questionnaire, the State Anxiety Inventory [STAI] form Y-1, and the Social Support Questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, Eta correlation, Pearson's product moment correlation and Spearman rank correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data. The results of the study revealed that 1. Most participants (94.29%) had high paternal health literacy. The mean score was 407.14 (SD = 37.58). 2. Anxiety had a negative correlation with paternal health literacy (r = -.387, p < .001), while social support had a positive correlation with paternal health literacy (r = .464, p < .001). 3. Education and income were not correlated with paternal health literacy. The findings from this study can be used as baseline data to promote paternal health literacy among expectant fathers by providing social support and reducing the anxiety of expectant fathers to maintain wellness for them, their pregnant wife, and the fetus.

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Published

2021-12-09