Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Unintentional Home Injury Prevention Among Parents of Preschoolers in the People’s Republic of China
Keywords:Knowledge, Attitude, Practices, Unintentional home injury prevention, Parents, Preschoolers
Childhood injury is a serious public health problem. This descriptive-correlational study aimed to examine the level of practice of unintentional home injury prevention among parents of preschoolers, as well as the relationship between knowledge, attitudes and practices of unintentional home injury prevention among parents of preschoolers. The samples were 102 parents of preschoolers in 3 public kindergartens in the Jinniu District, Chengdu City, the People’s Republic of China and were purposive selected. The data were collected from June to July 2020. Research instruments consisted of the Demographic Data Form, the Knowledge on Home Injuries Questionnaire, the Attitude on Home Injuries Questionnaire, and the Practice on Home Injury Prevention for Preschoolers Questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and Spearman rank correlation coefficient were used in data analysis. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The overall mean score of practice on home injury prevention among parents of preschoolers was at a high level (x̄=50.09, SD=9.33). 2. Knowledge did not correlate with practice on unintentional home injury prevention among parents of preschoolers (p ˃ 0.05). However, there was a moderate relationship between attitude and practice on unintentional home injury prevention among parents of preschoolers (r=0.44, p ˂0.05). The results of this study provide baseline information on parents’ practices of unintentional home injury prevention for preschoolers and related factors. This information can be used for health professional to promote unintentional home injury prevention programs for parents of preschoolers.
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