The Stress Level and Stress Related Factors Among Ambulance Drivers


  • Pinalin Penthong Faculty of Public health, Mahidol University
  • Chaiyanun Tangtong Faculty of Public health, Mahidol University
  • Sara Arphorn Faculty of Public health, Mahidol University
  • Suchinda Jarupat Maruo Faculty of Public health, Mahidol University
  • Jutatip Sillabutra Faculty of Public health, Mahidol University


Factors, Stress, Ambulance Driver


Nowadays, work-related stress is one of the major causes of health problems, especially the professions that work to help other humans and the emergency medical service systems. This research used a Cross-sectional study, for studying the stress level among ambulance drivers and study the relationship among general characteristics, work-related factors, and the stress in ambulance drivers. The participants were 83 ambulance drivers, who have a driving license and passed the emergency medical vehicle driving training program. Data were collected between July and September 2020. The research instrument was a questionnaire consisting of three parts: general characteristics, work-related factors. The content validity of the questionnaire was examined by three experts. The content validity index was 0.98. The reliability of part one and part two were 0.73 and 0.76 respectively. The stress level was measured using the questionnaire: The stress measurement model, Thai Stress Test. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.84. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, including frequency, percentage. The relationship between general characteristics and work-related factors with stress level was analyzed using Chi–square test and Fisher's exact test. The results of this study showed that: 1. Ambulance drivers had mild stress (43.4%) followed by high stress (12%). 2. Stress was significantly associated with status, monthly income, household monthly income, income sufficiency (P-value < 0.001), type of shift work per day (P-value < 0.05), emergency severity index (ESI) in resuscitation, Ambulance driver accident in one year ago (P-value < 0.001), neck pain, back pain, waist pain (P-value < 0.05) and pressure from patient and the family members (P-value < 0.001). The results of this study can be used as baseline information and guidance for ambulance drivers who were aware of factors associated with stress, leading to knowledge and advice appropriate to adjusting and coping with factors associated with stress.


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