Social Support and Job Performance of ICU Nurses in Kunming Tertiary Hospitals, People’s Republic of China

  • Kaiyong Bai Master of Nursing Science Program (International Program), Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Bunpitcha Chitpakdee Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Treeyaphan Supamanee Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
Keywords: Social support, Job performance, ICU nurses

Abstract

The job performance of ICU nurses is a significant issue in critical care towards reaching a high level of quality of care. This study aimed to explore the level of social support and job performance, and to examine the relationship between social support and job performance of ICU nurses in tertiary hospitals in Kunming, People’s Republic of China. The sample included 299 ICU nurses working in four tertiary hospitals in Kunming.  Research instruments consisted of the Social Support Scale developed by Tsai (2007) and the Chinese Version Shortened Nursing Performance Scale was translated from Greenslade (2008) by Lin (2012). Descriptive statistics and Spearman’s rank-order correlation analysis were used to analyze data. 

The study found that ICU nurses had a moderate level of social support (= 50.01, SD = 6.05) and ICU nurses had a high level of task performance ( = 57.37, SD = 10.03). Contextual performance of ICU nurses was also at a moderate level ( = 53.2, SD = 6.62) though social support had a weak positive relationship with task performance and contextual performance (r = 0.15 and 0.24, p < 0.05, respectively).

            The results of this study provide baseline information for hospital and nursing administrators to consider providing more social support to staff nurses in order to improve their job performance. 

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Published
2021-09-20
Section
Research Article