Factors Related to Caring Behaviors Among Caregivers of Children with Recurrent Pneumonia

Authors

  • Suttinee Supreeyaporn Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Patcharaporn Aree Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Suthisa Lamchang Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University

Keywords:

children with recurrent pneumonia, caregivers, caring behaviors, perceived severity of pneumonia, perceived barrier

Abstract

Among children in Thailand, recurrent pneumonia is still a common problem and an increasing trend. Good caring behaviors among caregivers of children with recurrent pneumonia is the most effective way to prevent recurrent pneumonia. The purpose of this descriptive correlational study was to examine caring behaviors among caregivers of children with recurrent pneumonia and factors related to caring behaviors among caregivers of children with recurrent pneumonia. The participants of this study included parents of children with recurrent pneumonia ages 1 - 5 years old who attended the out-patient-departments at the following hospitals located in Northern Thailand: Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital, Lampang Hospital, Chiang Rai Prachanukroh Hospital, Phrae Hospital, and Phayao Hospital. The study instruments were composed of three questionnaires: 1) the caring behaviors among caregivers of children with recurrent pneumonia, 2) the perceived severity of pneumonia in children and 3) the perceived barrier of caring behaviors among caregivers of children with recurrent pneumonia. The content validity of all three questionnaires were confirmed to be valid by a panel of experts with, scores of .93, .92 and .97, respectively. The reliability of the questionnaires was also tested. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of the questionnaire were .80, .80 and .81, respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. The results of this study showed that: 1. The caregivers of children with recurrent pneumonia, had a high level score of caring behaviors. The mean and standard deviation scores were 101.7 and 10.5, respectively; and 2. There was a statistically significant positive correlation between perceived severity and caring behaviors among caregivers of children with recurrent pneumonia (r = .518, p < .01). There was a statistically significant negative correlation between perceived barrier and caring behaviors among caregivers of children with recurrent pneumonia (r = -.312, p < .01). This study provides an understanding of caring behaviors among caregivers of children with recurrent pneumonia, perceived severity of pneumonia in children and perceived barrier of caring behaviors among caregivers of children with recurrent pneumonia for caregivers to help prevent recurrent pneumonia in children. This information can be used as a guide to improve caring behaviors and prevention among caregivers of children with recurrent pneumonia.

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Published

2021-12-20