Health Literacy and Self-Management Behaviors in Persons with Prostate Cancer After Surgery

Authors

  • Srisuda Iamruksa Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Nuttamon Vuttanon Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University
  • Warawan Udomkhwamsuk Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University

Keywords:

Health Literacy, Self-Management Behaviors, Persons with Prostate Cancer After Surgery

Abstract

People with prostate cancer who have had a radical prostatectomy need appropriate self-management behaviors to control the disease symptoms and prevent possible complications. Health literacy is an important factor affecting self-management. This correlative descriptive research aimed to explore health literacy, self-management behaviors and the association between health literacy and self-management behaviors in persons with prostate cancer after surgery. The 85 participants were persons with prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy who visited the urological surgery outpatient unit of two tertiary hospitals. The research instrument was a set of questionnaires, which included a Demographic Data Questionnaire, the Health Literacy Questionnaire, and the Self-management Behaviors Questionnaire for persons with prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient test.

          The results revealed that 1) the participants had a high level of overall health literacy. Considering each aspect, functional literacy and interactive literacy were at a high level, while critical literacy was at a moderate level, 2) the participants had a high level of both overall self-management behaviors, in each aspect, and 3) the health literacy had a positive correlation with self-management behaviors in persons with prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy surgery at a moderate level with statistical significance (r = .566, p < .01).

          The results of this research can be used as guidelines for health literacy enhancement, especially on the critical literacy aspect, in persons with prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy to promote appropriate self-management behaviors.

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Published

2022-06-30

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Section

Research Article