The Effect of a Medication Adherence Promotion Program through the Line Application on Older Persons with Essential Hypertension

Authors

  • Kamonchanok Charoenwongsa Faculty of Nursing, Mahidol University
  • Virapun Wirojratana Faculty of Nursing, Mahidol University
  • Doungrut Wattanakitkrileart Faculty of Nursing, Mahidol University

Keywords:

Medication adherence, Older person, Essential hypertension, LINE application

Abstract

This experimental research aimed to study the effect of a medication adherence promotion program through the LINE application on older persons with essential hypertension. The sample was comprised of 56 older persons with essential hypertension aged 60 years and over. Samples were obtained according to the inclusion criteria and were randomly assigned by block randomization into an experimental group and a control group of 28 participants. The experimental group received routine care and the medication adherence promotion program based on the health belief model framework developed by Rosenstock et al. (1988). The program contained 1) reinforcing of individual beliefs by providing educational video media through the LINE application and presenting a healthy role model; and 2) providing stimulus or cue to action by sending reminder messages and following up via the LINE application. This program was conducted over a period of six weeks. The control group received only routine care. The Mann-Whitney U test and Wilcoxon Signed-Rank test statistics were used for data analysis.

The study findings revealed that, after participating in the program, the experimental group experienced an improvement in the mean medication adherence score with statistical significance (p < .001), and the mean medication adherence score in the experimental group was better than that in the control group with statistical significance (p < .01).

          This study found that the medication adherence promotion program through the LINE application increased the medication adherence of older persons. Thus, the program should be implemented with older persons to promote consistent medication adherence for improved treatment effectiveness.

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Published

2022-06-30

Issue

Section

Research Article