Prognostic Factors of Major Amputations in Patients with Acute Limb Ischemia
Keywords:Acute limb ischemia, Prognostic factors, Major amputation
Introduction: Amputation treatment can cause disability in patients with acute limb ischemia. A total of 6 prognostic factors associated with amputation were found in the literature review, including the time from onset to treatment more than 24 hours, diabetes, stroke, chronic kidney disease, history of amputation for other causes and history of vascular surgery. Therefore, researchers are interested in studying the prognostic factors associated with amputation, in order to monitor the operation of the
disease and lead to appropriate treatment.
Objective: Study the prognostic factors for amputation in patients with acute limb ischemia.
Methods: Studying 76 acute limb ischemia patients in Uttaradit Hospital from January 1st, 2015 – July 11th, 2021. There were 24 patients who underwent amputation and 52 patients who were without amputation. Collecting data from ICD-10 medical records divided into 2 groups. All data were analyzed by descriptive and analytic statistics.
Results: The results of study revealed that patients who had a Diabetes Mellitus history had increased the risk of amputation (odds ratio [OR] 4.5, 95% confidence [CI] 1.27-15.91, p=0.020) Old cerebrovascular accident (OR 4.5, 95% CI 1.06-19.27, p=0.042) and occlusion at superficial femoral artery (OR 5.8,
95% CI 1.47-22.75, p=0.012).
Conclusion: The study confirmed history of diabetes mellitus, old cerebrovascular accidents and occlusion of the superficial femoral artery are the prognostic factors for amputation in patients with acute limb ischemia.
Keywords: Acute limb ischemia, Prognostic factors, Major amputation
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