The effects of relieving hypertension diet application on health belief among patients with hypertension
Keywords:application, hypertension, health belief model
The Quasi-experimental research aimed to 1) compared level of health belief among experimental group before and after the experiment, 2) compared level of health belief between experimental and compared groups, and 3) compared level of blood pressure between experimental and compared groups. 70 participants were selected by simple random sampling from two hypertension clinics at two health promoting hospitals in Nakhonratchasima Province. They were divided into the experimental and the controlled group with 35 participants in each group. The experimental group used Relieving Hypertension Diet Application, and the controlled group learned hypertension education from brochure for two weeks. Data of pre and post intervention were collected using questionnaire of health perception of diet and hypertension. Descriptive statistic, paired t-test and Independent t-test were used for data analysis.
The results of this study showed that the experimental group had mean scores of perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits higher than before using the application (p<.05), and mean scores of perceived barriers was lower than before using the application (p<.05). The experimental group had mean score of each perceived concept significantly higher than the controlled group (p< .05) after receiving the program. In addition, systolic blood pressure of the experimental group had no significant mean score higher than the controlled group, and diastolic blood pressure of the experimental group had no significant mean score lower than the controlled group (p>.05).
Suggestion, the application can be improved and encourage patients with chronic illness to control blood pressure and have health concerns regarding severity and susceptibility of complication.
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