Factors predicting healthy ageing of older adults
Keywords:older adults, healthy ageing, depression, spiritual well-being, environment
This predictive research aimed to study healthy ageing characteristics and predictive power of health enhancement lifestyles, depression, spiritual well-being and age-friendly environments over healthy ageing among the elderly. The sample was 383 elderly Thais aged 60 years and over living in Rayong Province. Data were collected by using a questionnaire on general information, the Healthy Ageing Instrument (HAI), the Health Enhancement Lifestyle Profile Screener (HELP Screener), the Thai Geriatric Depression Scale (TGDS-15), the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) and the Survey of Age-friendly Physical and Social Environment. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and enter multiple linear regression analysis.
The findings revealed that the sample had a high level of healthy ageing (84.9%). In addition, health enhancement lifestyles, depression, spiritual well-being and age-friendly environments were found to be able to co-predict the healthy ageing of the elderly at 42.5% with statistical significance (R2 = .425, p < .001). The factors with the highest predictive power were health enhancement lifestyles ( = .420, p < .001), followed by spiritual well-being ( = .292, p < .001), depression ( = -.108, p = .020) and age-friendly environments ( = .100, p = .017), respectively.
This study suggests that health providers should promote health enhancement lifestyles, spiritual well-being and age-friendly environment and prevent depression in order for the elderly to have healthy ageing.
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