The effectiveness of the application of the protection motivation theory and social support of antihypertensive drug behavior among elderly people in Bangkok Metropolitan

Authors

  • Panidnun Promdum Kuakarun Faculty of Nursing, Navamindradhiraj University
  • Nittaya Sukchaisong Kuakarun Faculty of Nursing, Navamindradhiraj University

Keywords:

drug behavior, protection motivation theory, social support, elderly people with hypertension

Abstract

This quasi-experimental research with two group, pre-post tested, and follow-up, aimed to examine the effectiveness of the protection motivation theory and social support of antihypertensive drug behavior among elderly people. Sample were 44 elderly people at age 60-80 years old. The participants were equally assigned into an experimental and comparison groups, 22 each. The experimental group received health promotion behavior program applied with Protection Motivation Theory and social support. Data were collected using a questionnaire that included perceived susceptibility of disease, self-efficacy of taking medication, perceived of the effectiveness of the results, behavior of using antihypertensive drug, and social support from family members as well as health care volunteer. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Paired t-test, and Repeated Measure one-way ANOVA.

The result found that in the experimental group the mean scores for perceived severity of disease, perceived susceptibility of disease, self-efficacy of taking medication, perceived of the effectiveness of the results, behavior of antihypertensive medication adherence, and social support from family members and health care volunteer were higher than the mean scores in the comparison group with statistical significance (p-value < 0.05) after intervention and follow-up. The mean scores for blood pressure was lower than the mean scores in the comparison group with statistical significance (p-value < 0.05).

This study suggests that nurses should apply health promotion behavior program of antihypertensive medication adherence for elderly people in order to change behavior and to prevent disease complications.

 

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Published

2022-03-12

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Section

Research Articles