The development of the pattern of family roles in caring for elderly persons with hypertension through family participation
Keywords:family role, elderly persons with hypertension, family participation
Participatory Action Research (PAR) aimed to develop a pattern of family roles in caring for elderly persons with hypertension through family participation. The 64 participants (20 elderly persons with hypertension, 30 family members with elderly persons with hypertension, 12 volunteer health villagers, and 2 nurses) were selected via purposeful random sampling. The instruments consisted of in-depth interview guidelines, a focus group discussion guideline, and a satisfaction assessment form for participants. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and content analysis.
The results revealed this research found a problematic issue, eating behavior, medication use behavior, and communication. The pattern of family roles in caring for elderly persons with hypertension through family participation focused on issues of eating behavior, medication use behavior, communication, participation, and family role (role in helping to maintain physical and mental, role of communication, and role of decision-making of family and patients). The pattern comprised 1) a workshop training course for elderly persons with hypertension 2) a workshop training course for family members with elderly persons with hypertension and 3) follow-up via line application. The evaluation of the participants had high satisfaction (80.67%).
Suggestion: The success factors of the pattern of family roles in caring for elderly persons with hypertension through family participation are participants’ participation and the effort of family members. This pattern can be applied to promote family roles.
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