The development of the pattern of family roles in caring for elderly persons with hypertension through family participation

Authors

  • Worarat Magteppong Adult and Elderly Nursing division, Faculty of Nursing, Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi
  • Anusorn Nanudorn Community Health Nursing division, Faculty of Nursing, Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi
  • Punrada Poungsamai Adult and Elderly Nursing division, Faculty of Nursing, Rajamangala University of Technology ThanyaburI

Keywords:

family role, elderly persons with hypertension, family participation

Abstract

     Participatory Action Research (PAR) aimed to develop a pattern of family roles in caring for elderly persons with hypertension through family participation. The 64 participants (20 elderly persons with hypertension, 30 family members with elderly persons with hypertension, 12 volunteer health villagers, and 2 nurses) were selected via purposeful random sampling. The instruments consisted of in-depth interview guidelines, a focus group discussion guideline, and a satisfaction assessment form for participants. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and content analysis.

     The results revealed this research found a problematic issue, eating behavior, medication use behavior, and communication. The pattern of family roles in caring for elderly persons with hypertension through family participation focused on issues of eating behavior, medication use behavior, communication, participation, and family role (role in helping to maintain physical and mental, role of communication, and role of decision-making of family and patients). The pattern comprised 1) a workshop training course for elderly persons with hypertension 2) a workshop training course for family members with elderly persons with hypertension and 3) follow-up via line application. The evaluation of the participants had high satisfaction (80.67%).

     Suggestion: The success factors of the pattern of family roles in caring for elderly persons with hypertension through family participation are participants’ participation and the effort of family members. This pattern can be applied to promote family roles.

References

Department of Older Persons. Statistics for the elderly in Thailand, 77 provinces 2020 [Available from: https://www.dop.go.th/th/ know/side/1/1/335. (in Thai).

Foundation of Thai Gerontology Research and Development Institute (TGRI), Institute for Population and Social Research MU. Situation of the Thai elderly 2019. Nakhon pathom: Printery; 2020. (in Thai).

Division of Non-Communicable Diseases. NCDs Situation report: Diabetes, Hypertension, and related risk factors. Bangkok; 2018. (in Thai).

Division of Non-Communicable Diseases. Number and rate of inpatients 2016-2018 (Hypertension, Diabetic Mellitus, cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, COPD) 2018 [Available from: http://www.thaincd.com/2016/news/hot-news-detail.php?id=13683&gid=18. (in Thai).

Nippapath Sinsap, Jinnawat Jankra, Buppa Jaiman. Hypertension in elderly: silence killer should be aware. Journal of Phrapokklao Nursing College. 2017;28(1):100-11. (in Thai).

Department of Older Persons. Statistics of the elderly in Thailand, 77 provinces. 2020 [Available from: https://www.dop.go.th/th/know/ side/1/1/335. (in Thai).

Pathum Thani Provincial Statistical Office, National Statistical Office. Pathum Thani Provincial statistical report. Pathum Thani; 2020. (in Thai).

Lochaiwattana T. Quality of Life Development of the Elderly Living in PathumThani Province. Journal of Nakhonratchasima College. 2018;12(2):94-104. (in Thai).

Phalasuek R, Thanomchayathawatch B. A Family Model for Older People Care. The Southern College Network Journal of Nursing and Public Health. 2017;4(3):135-50. (in Thai).

Thongyuan J. Factors related to Health behavioral among Hypertensive Patients at Surattani Hospital. Reg 11 Med J. 2015;29(2):195-202. (in Thai).

Jandeekaewsakul P, Watthayu N, Suwonnaroop N. Factors Predicting Self-Management Behavior among Patients with Uncontrolled Essential Hypertension. J Nurs Sci. 2018;36(1).31-43. (in Thai).

Gadudom P, Apinyalungkon K, Janjaroen K, Wae N. Family Roles to Increase Quality of Life of Older Persons in a Changing Situation. The Southern College Network Journal of Nursing and Public Health. 2018;5(3):300-10. (in Thai).

Bunwad K, Tiparat W, Salalux P, Suwanweala S, Patum S. Factors Affecting Family Management for the Patients with Hypertension and Co-morbidity in Trang Municipality. Nursing Journal of the Ministry of Public Health. 2017;26(3):144-57. (in Thai).

Sawatphol C, Pengpinit T, Senanikorn A, Srisuraphol W. Care for Elderly Dependents in the Northeast of Thailand. Journal of MCU Peace Studies Special Issue.5(special issue):387-405. (in Thai).

Atseranee K, Tawatwattananun A. Factors Related to Health Promotion Behaviors in hypertension Patients, Outpatient Department, Krathumbaen Hospital, Samutsakorn Province (in Thai). Maharaj Nakhon Si Thammarat Medical Journal. 2020;3(2):44-52. (in Thai).

Panwilai J, Fongkaew W, Soiwong P, Chaiard J. Family Caregivers’ Perceptions regarding Stroke Prevention for Family Members at Risk. Pacific Rim International Journal of Nursing Research. 2021;26(1):90-104. (in Thai).

Wutthitham N, Srinopkun P, Srinual C. The Development of Pattern of Behavioral Health Modification Among Hypertension Group by Family Participation: Damnoen Saduak Hospital in Ratchburi Province. Nursing Journal Volume. 2019;46(2):70-82. (in Thai).

Marlina’, Badaruddin, Fikarwin Z, Lubis R. Model of family health empowerment preventing stroke in Puskesmas Ulee Kareng Banda Aceh. J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 2020;1460(1):012076.

Thataseng B, Lasure P. Strengthening individual, family, and community abilities to promotehealth in Community Way and well-being of people with diabetes and hypertension in Thambon Talat-Khwan, Doi Saket District, Chiang Mai. Journal of Ratchathani Innovative Health Sciences 2018;2(3):1-17. (in Thai).

Loewenson R, Ac L, CH, D'Ambruoso L, Shroff Z. Participatory action research in health systems: a methods reader; 2014.

Sebern M. Shared Care elder and family member skills used to manage burden. J. Adv. Nurs. 2005;52(2):170-9.

Marshall C, Rossman GB. Designing qualitative research. 6th ed. Thousand Oaks: SagePublications; 2016.

Ampansirirat A, Wongchaiya P. The Participatory action research: key features and application in community. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Mahasarakham University. 2017;36(6):192-202. (in Thai).

Panthonglang W, Namphonkrang P, Duangsanjan W. Factors influencing the health behavior of uncontrolled hypertension patients. Songklanagarind Journal of Nursing. 2018;38(4):152-65. (in Thai).

Yueran S, Waratwichit C. Participatory action research and the success of policy change in health system the southern college network. Journal of Nursing and Public Health. 2018;5(2):288-300. (in Thai).

Poonperm S. Factors affecting self care behavior among hypertensive patients at Tambon Keelek, Amphoe Mueang, Changwat Ubon Ratchathani. Journal of Nakhonratchasima College. 2011;5(2):49-54. (in Thai).

Suthamchai B, Keskpichayawattana J, Kaeowichian N. A synthesis of integrated care service model for thai elderly. Journal of Health Science. 2015;24(6):1017-29. (in Thai).

Phuphaibul R, Watanasak S, Jitramontree N, Apanuntikul M, Youngpradith A, Sinsuksai A, et al. Development process for sufficiency health in community. Journal of Nursing Science & Health. 2012;35(1):28-37. (in Thai).

Sarakshetrin A, Ekkarat C, Chinkhanaphan C, Samphawamana O. Competency development of community in caring for persons with hypertension: a case study in Surathani Province. Rama Nurs J. 2015;21(1):110-21. (in Thai).

Downloads

Published

2023-01-14

How to Cite

1.
Magteppong W, Nanudorn A, Poungsamai P. The development of the pattern of family roles in caring for elderly persons with hypertension through family participation . Thai J. Cardio-Thorac Nurs. [Internet]. 2023 Jan. 14 [cited 2024 Apr. 18];33(2):101-16. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/journalthaicvtnurse/article/view/254572

Issue

Section

Research Articles